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PEDAR: Executive Summary Competing Choices: Men's and Women's  Paths After Earning a Bachelor's Degree
Gender Differences
Characteristics at Bachelor's Degree Receipt
Experiences After Graduation
Age, Major, and Grade-Point Average
Interrelationships Among Transitions
Graduate School Enrollment and Attainment
Effects of Marriage and Parenthood on Graduate Enrollment After Controlling for Other Variables
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
Interrelationships Among Transitions - Employment

While men and women were about equally likely to be employed after earning their bachelor’s degree, differences existed according to marital and parenthood status. Among those who married before graduating, women were generally less likely than men to work after graduating. In contrast, among graduates who did not marry within 4 years of graduating, women were generally more likely than men to be employed. Parenthood negatively affected women’s employment: women who became parents either before or within 4 years after graduating were less likely than men to work.

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National Center for Education Statistics -
U.S. Department of Education