Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
PEDAR: References Bridging the Gap
Executive Summary
Research Methodology
References
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
References


Adelman, C. (1999). Answers in the Toolbox: Academic Intensity, Attendance Patterns, and Bachelor's Degree Attainment. U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: Office of Educational Research and Improvement.

Berkner, L.K., McCormick, A.C., and Cuccaro-Alamin, S. (1996). Descriptive Summary of 1989–90 Beginning Postsecondary Students: 5 Years Later, With an Essay on Postsecondary Persistence and Attainment (NCES 96–155). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Burkam, D., Lee, V., and Smerdon, B. (1996) Mathematics Coursetaking and the NELS:88 Transcript Data. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan.

Choy, S.P. (2000). Low-Income Students: Who They Are and How They Pay for Their Education (NCES 2000–169). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Horn, L., and Nuņez, A.-M. (2000). Mapping the Road to College: First-Generation Students' Math Track, Planning Strategies, and Context of Support (NCES 2000–153). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Levine, A., and Nidiffer, J. (1996). Beating the Odds: How the Poor Get to College. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

National Commission on Excellence in Education. (1983). A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform. Washington, DC: Author.

Nuņez, A.-M., and Cuccaro-Alamin, S. (1998). First-Generation Students: Undergraduates Whose Parents Never Enrolled in Postsecondary Education (NCES 98–082). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Riley, R.W. (1997). Mathematics Equals Opportunity. White paper prepared by the U.S. Secretary of Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.

Terenzini, P.T., Springer, L., Yaeger, P.M., Pascarella, E.T., and Nora, A. (1996). First-Generation Students: Characteristics, Experiences, and Cognitive Development. Research in Higher Education, 37(1): 1–22.

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2000). The Condition of Education 2000 (NCES 2000–062). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

U.S. General Accounting Office. (1994). Higher Education: Grants Effective at Increasing Minorities' Chances of Graduating (HEHS-94-168). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

U.S. General Accounting Office. (1995). Higher Education: Restructuring Student Aid Could Reduce Low-Income Student Dropout Rate (HEHS-95-48). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.


Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education