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Common Core of Data (CCD)

Table 1.–Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch by state and eligibility status: School years 1999–2000 through 2009–10

School year
State or jurisdiction 1999–
2000
2000–
01
2001–
02
2002–
03
2003–
04
2004–
05
2005–
06
2006–
07
2007–
08
2008–
09
2009–
10
Reporting States                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  34 34 37 37 36 37 42 41 41 44 46
Percent eligible for free lunch  27 27 29 28 29 29 32 34 33 36 38
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  55 54 57 57 53 55 57 56 53 54 51
Percent with information not available  11 13 6 7 11 7 1 2 6 2 3
                       
Alabama                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  45 46 49 50 51 52 52 51 51 52 55
Percent eligible for free lunch  37 38 40 42 42 43 43 43 43 44 47
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  54 54 51 50 49 47 48 49 49 48 45
Percent with information not available  1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
                       
Alaska                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  26 24 25 26 27 29 31 34 34 34 36
Percent eligible for free lunch  19 20 21 25 27 27 27 29
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 8 7 7 7 7 7
Percent not eligible  53 55 75 53 51 49 46 54 66 66 64
Percent with information not available  22 21 0 21 22 23 22 12 0 0 0
                       
Arizona                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  11 45 48 45 41 38 48 47
Percent eligible for free lunch  9 37 40 37 32 29 38 38
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  3 8 8 8 9 9 10 9
Percent not eligible  27 43 42 42 54 55 52 52
Percent with information not available  100 100 100 62 12 10 13 5 7 1 1
                       
Arkansas                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  45 46 47 48 50 52 53 59 56 57 60
Percent eligible for free lunch  37 37 39 40 41 43 44 49 47 48 50
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 9
Percent not eligible  55 54 53 52 50 48 47 41 44 43 40
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
California                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  47 47 47 48 49 49 49 50 51 52 55
Percent eligible for free lunch  40 39 39 39 40 40 39 40 41 43 46
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 8 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 9
Percent not eligible  53 53 53 52 51 51 51 49 47 47 44
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1
                       
Colorado                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  28 27 28 29 30 32 33 34 34 35 38
Percent eligible for free lunch  21 20 21 22 24 25 27 27 28 28 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 7 7 6 6 6 7 7 7 7
Percent not eligible  72 73 72 71 70 68 67 65 64 65 62
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
                       
Connecticut                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  23 25 26 26 27 27 30 30 32
Percent eligible for free lunch  18 21 22 24 25 26
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 6 5 5 6 6
Percent not eligible  75 75 74 74 73 70 70 68 67
Percent with information not available  2 100 100 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 1
                       
Delaware                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  33 33 35 36 34 36 36 37 36 40 47
Percent eligible for free lunch  27 26 28 29 28 30 31 31 30 33 40
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 7 7 6 6 5 6 6 7 7
Percent not eligible  66 67 65 64 66 64 64 63 61 59 53
Percent with information not available  1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0
                       
District of Columbia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  54 69 55 62 51 66 53 53 49 67 70
Percent eligible for free lunch  50 65 50 56 47 59 49 48 43 58 62
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  4 5 5 6 4 6 4 4 6 9 8
Percent not eligible  35 30 35 32 32 34 33 32 29 30 27
Percent with information not available  11 1 9 6 17 0 13 15 22 3 3
                       
Florida                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  44 44 45 45 46 47 46 45 46 50 53
Percent eligible for free lunch  36 36 36 37 37 39 37 36 36 40 45
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Percent not eligible  56 56 55 55 54 53 54 55 54 50 47
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Georgia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  43 43 44 45 46 48 50 50 51 53 56
Percent eligible for free lunch  35 35 36 37 38 39 42 42 42 44 48
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 8
Percent not eligible  57 57 56 55 54 52 50 50 49 47 44
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Hawaii                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  39 44 42 44 43 42 41 41 38 42 43
Percent eligible for free lunch  30 33 31 33 32 31 29 29 27 30 33
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 11 10 11 11 11 11 12 11 12 11
Percent not eligible  61 56 58 56 57 58 59 59 62 58 57
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
                       
Idaho                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  32 35 36 36 37 39 38 37 37 40 43
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 25 26 27 28 29 28 27 27 29 33
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 10
Percent not eligible  66 65 64 64 63 59 62 62 63 60 57
Percent with information not available  1 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 0 0 0
                       
Illinois                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  35 36 37 37 37 37 38 39 43
Percent eligible for free lunch  30 30 31 32 31 32 32 33 37
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6
Percent not eligible  60 60 58 57 56 54 54 54 50
Percent with information not available  100 100 5 4 5 5 6 8 7 7 7
                       
Indiana                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  28 29 31 32 34 36 36 38 39 42 45
Percent eligible for free lunch  21 22 24 25 27 28 28 29 31 33 37
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9
Percent not eligible  71 70 69 67 64 63 64 62 61 58 55
Percent with information not available  1 1 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Iowa                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  26 27 27 28 30 31 32 32 34 34 37
Percent eligible for free lunch  19 19 19 21 22 23 24 24 26 26 29
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  74 73 73 72 70 69 68 68 66 66 63
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Kansas                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  32 33 34 36 38 39 39 40 40 43 46
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 24 25 26 28 29 29 30 30 32 36
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 10 9 10 9 9 10 10 10 11 10
Percent not eligible  68 67 66 64 62 61 61 60 60 57 54
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Kentucky                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  48 48 49 69 52 51 51 52 55
Percent eligible for free lunch  39 38 40 55 44 43 43 43 46
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 14 9 9 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  52 52 51 31 48 49 49 47 45
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 100 100 0 0 0 1 0
                       
Louisiana                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  59 58 59 61 61 62 61 62 63 65 66
Percent eligible for free lunch  50 50 51 52 53 53 54 53 55 57 58
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 9 9 9 8 8 7 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  41 41 41 39 39 38 39 38 37 35 34
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Maine                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  30 29 30 30 30 32 34 35 36 38 42
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 21 22 23 23 25 26 27 29 31 34
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 8 8 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
Percent not eligible  65 67 68 67 62 64 63 64 64 62 58
Percent with information not available  5 5 3 3 8 3 3 1 0 0 0
                       
Maryland                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  30 30 30 31 31 32 32 32 33 35 38
Percent eligible for free lunch  24 23 23 24 24 25 24 25 26 27 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 7
Percent not eligible  70 70 70 69 69 68 68 68 66 65 62
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Massachusetts                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  25 24 25 26 27 28 28 29 29 31 33
Percent eligible for free lunch  20 19 22 23 23 24 24 25 27
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6
Percent not eligible  75 76 75 74 73 72 72 70 71 69 67
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
                       
Michigan                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  30 30 31 31 33 34 36 36 38 42 46
Percent eligible for free lunch  25 24 25 25 27 27 29 30 31 35 40
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 6 6 6 6 7 6 7 7 6
Percent not eligible  70 70 65 64 62 60 64 64 62 58 54
Percent with information not available  0 0 4 5 5 6 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Minnesota                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  26 26 26 27 28 30 30 31 32 33 35
Percent eligible for free lunch  18 18 19 20 21 22 23 23 24 25 28
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  74 74 74 73 72 70 70 69 68 67 65
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Mississippi                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  63 64 65 65 64 64 70 68 67 68 71
Percent eligible for free lunch  55 55 57 57 56 56 62 59 58 59 62
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 8 8 8 8 7 8 9 9 8
Percent not eligible  37 36 35 35 36 35 30 32 33 32 29
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Missouri                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  34 35 35 36 38 39 39 39 40 39 44
Percent eligible for free lunch  27 27 28 29 31 32 31 31 32 31 36
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  66 65 65 64 62 61 61 61 60 61 55
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
                       
Montana                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  31 31 31 32 34 34 35 35 36 37 40
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 23 23 24 26 25 26 26 27 27 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 10 8
Percent not eligible  67 69 68 68 66 65 64 63 63 62 59
Percent with information not available  3 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 1 1 1
                       
Nebraska                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  30 30 31 32 34 35 35 36 37 38 41
Percent eligible for free lunch  21 21 22 24 25 26 26 27 28 29 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10
Percent not eligible  70 70 69 68 66 65 65 63 63 61 59
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Nevada                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  27 27 30 34 34 29 41 39 39 42
Percent eligible for free lunch  21 20 23 28 27 32 31 36
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 7 7 6 6 8 8 6
Percent not eligible  54 56 53 49 47 71 58 59 58 56
Percent with information not available  18 17 17 17 19 1 0 100 1 3 2
                       
New Hampshire                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  16 15 15 15 16 17 17 18 18 20 23
Percent eligible for free lunch  11 10 10 11 11 12 12 12 13 15 18
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6
Percent not eligible  84 84 85 84 83 83 82 81 82 80 77
Percent with information not available  0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0
                       
New Jersey                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  28 27 28 27 27 27 27 28 30 32
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 22 22 21 21 21 22 22 24 26
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
Percent not eligible  72 73 72 73 73 73 69 69 70 67
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 100 0 4 3 0 1
                       
New Mexico                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  51 55 55 57 58 58 56 61 61 62 66
Percent eligible for free lunch  45 45 47 48 48 48 54 54 55 59
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 10 10 10 10 8 6 7 7 7
Percent not eligible  49 45 45 43 42 42 44 39 37 36 33
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 1
                       
New York                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  43 43 43 17 18 44 44 44 45 21
Percent eligible for free lunch  37 36 36 13 14 37 36 36 37 16
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 7 4 5 8 8 8 8 5
Percent not eligible  57 56 56 46 82 55 54 56 54 43
Percent with information not available  1 1 1 37 100 0 1 2 0 1 37
                       
North Carolina                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  39 36 38 34 44 45 43 43 31 34 49
Percent eligible for free lunch  31 29 30 27 36 37 35 35 25 28 40
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 7 8 8 7 8 6 6 9
Percent not eligible  59 56 59 66 56 52 53 55 38 40 49
Percent with information not available  2 8 2 0 0 2 4 1 31 26 2
                       
North Dakota                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  29 29 28 28 28 29 30 30 31 32 34
Percent eligible for free lunch  21 21 20 20 20 21 22 22 23 23 25
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  71 71 72 72 72 71 70 70 69 68 66
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Ohio                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  27 26 27 29 30 31 33 34 36 40
Percent eligible for free lunch  21 21 22 24 24 26 26 27 30 34
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
Percent not eligible  66 66 63 63 59 69 67 66 64 60
Percent with information not available  7 7 9 7 11 0 0 0 100 0 0
                       
Oklahoma                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  46 48 49 51 53 54 55 55 55 56 59
Percent eligible for free lunch  38 38 41 42 44 44 45 45 46 49
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  11 11 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 10
Percent not eligible  54 52 51 49 47 46 45 45 45 44 41
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Oregon                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  34 35 36 38 41 42 43 42 42 46 49
Percent eligible for free lunch  26 26 28 30 32 33 35 34 34 37 41
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 9 8 9 9 8 9 8 9 9 8
Percent not eligible  66 65 64 61 59 58 57 58 58 54 49
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
                       
Pennsylvania                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  29 28 28 29 28 28 31 30 31 33 38
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 22 23 23 22 22 25 24 25 27 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7
Percent not eligible  70 71 71 70 71 71 68 65 60 59 61
Percent with information not available  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 9 7 1
                       
Rhode Island                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  33 33 34 33 35 32 35 33 38 40 42
Percent eligible for free lunch  28 28 28 27 29 26 28 26 32 33 35
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 5 5 6 6 6 7 7 6 7 7
Percent not eligible  67 67 66 66 64 68 65 67 62 58 58
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 3 0
                       
South Carolina                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  46 47 49 50 51 52 52 51 52 52 54
Percent eligible for free lunch  39 39 41 42 43 44 44 44 44 45 47
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7
Percent not eligible  54 53 51 50 49 48 48 49 48 47 45
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
South Dakota                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  28 29 30 30 31 30 32 29 33 35 37
Percent eligible for free lunch  19 20 20 21 23 22 23 21 25 25 28
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 10 9 9 8 9 8 8 9 9
Percent not eligible  68 71 69 68 68 70 68 66 65 64 62
Percent with information not available  4 0 1 2 0 0 0 5 2 2 1
                       
Tennessee                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  47 48 49 50 53
Percent eligible for free lunch  40 42 42 45
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  51 50 49 48 44
Percent with information not available  100 100 100 100 100 100 2 2 2 2 3
                       
Texas                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  45 45 45 46 47 48 48 47 48 49 51
Percent eligible for free lunch  37 38 38 39 39 39 40 39 39 40 43
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  55 55 55 54 53 52 52 52 52 51 49
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
                       
Utah                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  28 28 29 31 32 32 32 31 30 31 42
Percent eligible for free lunch  19 19 20 22 23 23 23 21 21 23 33
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 9 8 9
Percent not eligible  70 70 69 67 65 68 68 69 61 68 58
Percent with information not available  2 2 2 2 2 0 0 1 9 1 0
                       
Vermont                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  22 24 24 26 27 25 26 26 28 30 34
Percent eligible for free lunch  16 17 17 19 20 18 19 20 21 23 28
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
Percent not eligible  69 76 76 74 73 75 74 72 67 65 65
Percent with information not available  8 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 5 5 1
                       
Virginia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  30 28 29 30 30 31 31 31 31 33 36
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 21 23 23 23 24 24 24 25 26 29
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
Percent not eligible  70 65 71 65 66 64 65 65 68 67 62
Percent with information not available  0 7 0 5 4 5 4 4 1 0 2
                       
Washington                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  31 34 35 36 36 37 37 38 41
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 26 27 27 28 28 28 29 33
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 9 9 9 8 9 9 9 8
Percent not eligible  65 63 61 64 64 63 63 58 55
Percent with information not available  100 100 3 3 4 0 0 0 0 4 4
                       
West Virginia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  50 50 50 48 49 50 49 50 49 50 52
Percent eligible for free lunch  40 39 39 38 39 40 39 40 40 41 43
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 11 11 10 11 10 10 10 9 9 9
Percent not eligible  48 50 50 52 51 50 51 50 51 50 48
Percent with information not available  2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Wisconsin                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  25 25 26 27 28 29 29 31 32 33 37
Percent eligible for free lunch  19 18 24 25 26 30
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 7 7 7 8 7
Percent not eligible  73 73 71 70 70 69 69 68 68 66 63
Percent with information not available  2 2 3 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0
                       
Wyoming                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  28 48 30 31 32 32 30 30 31 35
Percent eligible for free lunch  20 32 21 22 22 22 20 21 21 25
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 16 9 9 10 10 10 9 10 10
Percent not eligible  71 52 70 69 68 68 70 70 69 65
Percent with information not available  1 0 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
—Not available.
Note: Estimates based on operational schools with membership. Estimates based counts form October 1st of the reported school year. Combined free and reduced-price lunch percentage may not match details due to item non-response. Details may not sum to totals due to rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 1999–2000, Version 1b; 2000–01, Version 1a; 2001–02, Version 1a; 2002–03, Version 1a; 2003–04, Version 1a; 2004–05, Version 1b; 2005-06, Version 1a; 2006–07, Version 1c; 2007–08, Version 1b; 2008–09, Version 1b; 2009–10, Version 1a.

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