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Table 431. Employment to population ratios of persons 16 to 64 years old, by age group and educational attainment: Selected years, 1975 through 2012
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Age group and educational attainment 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 to 19 years old, all education                                                                                    
levels1  ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 60.8   (2.03) 58.0   (2.13) 62.6   (2.09) 53.7   (1.40) 56.1   (1.21) 56.7   (1.25) 53.5   (1.41) 46.6   (1.36) 43.2   (1.30) 44.8   (1.40) 45.8   (1.43)
Less than high school completion ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 44.2   (3.08) 44.0   (3.13) 52.2   (3.19) 39.4   (2.01) 43.6   (1.87) 42.7   (1.90) 37.5   (1.90) 31.1   (1.89) 29.4   (1.83) 31.1   (2.21) 28.5   (2.05)
High school completion2  ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 74.2   (2.54) 70.1   (2.99) 70.1   (2.92) 65.0   (2.04) 66.2   (1.78) 67.2   (1.95) 64.3   (1.96) 53.6   (1.72) 51.1   (1.84) 50.3   (2.01) 53.6   (1.90)
At least some college ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 76.8   (9.32) 71.6   (6.38) 78.2   (6.22) 66.6   (4.54) 63.4   (4.21) 71.9   (3.95) 65.3   (3.89) 65.4   (3.70) 57.5   (3.99) 61.5   (3.63) 64.3   (4.07)
                                                                                     
20 to 24 years old, all education                                                                                    
levels1  ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 75.6   (0.90) 73.7   (0.93) 77.4   (0.93) 73.2   (0.66) 74.4   (0.61) 74.9   (0.53) 73.4   (0.60) 68.3   (0.66) 65.5   (0.72) 67.0   (0.59) 68.7   (0.67)
Less than high school completion ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 54.4   (2.29) 52.7   (2.41) 60.8   (2.43) 55.7   (1.27) 58.8   (1.51) 57.9   (1.37) 55.1   (1.73) 50.6   (1.60) 44.4   (1.58) 46.8   (1.71) 47.7   (1.95)
High school completion2  ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 76.6   (1.26) 72.2   (1.46) 76.5   (1.46) 72.3   (0.91) 72.4   (0.86) 72.3   (0.89) 69.8   (0.97) 63.9   (1.03) 61.5   (1.01) 62.9   (1.07) 64.2   (0.99)
Some college, no bachelor's
     degree3 
---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 85.6   (1.69) 83.6   (1.52) 86.6   (1.49) 80.3   (1.19) 81.3   (0.98) 82.1   (0.94) 81.8   (1.09) 74.9   (1.32) 72.9   (1.27) 73.2   (1.01) 75.3   (1.19)
Bachelor's or higher degree ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 93.3   (1.57) 90.9   (1.76) 87.8   (2.07) 89.3   (1.16) 89.0   (1.22) 92.3   (1.05) 89.6   (1.21) 87.2   (1.26) 86.5   (1.37) 85.2   (1.41) 87.3   (1.16)
                                                                                     
25 to 64 years old, all education                                                                                    
levels 65.8   (0.33) 70.2   (0.30) 71.6   (0.30) 75.0   (0.29) 75.5   (0.28) 77.7   (0.27) 75.0   (0.19) 75.5   (0.18) 76.0   (0.17) 75.5   (0.16) 72.2   (0.19) 71.5   (0.19) 71.2   (0.19) 71.7   (0.18)
Less than high school completion 55.3   (0.62) 55.5   (0.66) 53.1   (0.74) 54.9   (0.80) 53.8   (0.85) 57.8   (0.91) 57.2   (0.51) 58.0   (0.53) 58.3   (0.58) 56.2   (0.51) 52.5   (0.57) 52.1   (0.60) 51.1   (0.56) 52.9   (0.60)
High school completion2  65.7   (0.53) 70.4   (0.48) 70.7   (0.48) 74.4   (0.46) 73.3   (0.49) 75.5   (0.49) 71.5   (0.34) 72.3   (0.32) 72.7   (0.32) 71.6   (0.28) 67.8   (0.33) 67.0   (0.36) 66.2   (0.39) 66.5   (0.35)
Some college, no bachelor's
     degree3 
71.7   (0.86) 76.1   (0.70) 77.8   (0.66) 80.2   (0.60) 79.5   (0.51) 80.7   (0.50) 77.7   (0.33) 77.8   (0.31) 78.1   (0.29) 77.5   (0.31) 73.9   (0.33) 72.7   (0.30) 72.2   (0.30) 72.2   (0.30)
Bachelor's or higher degree 82.5   (0.68) 84.5   (0.55) 85.6   (0.51) 86.7   (0.47) 86.5   (0.44) 86.4   (0.42) 83.7   (0.26) 83.9   (0.23) 84.3   (0.24) 84.4   (0.27) 82.2   (0.25) 81.6   (0.24) 81.5   (0.26) 82.1   (0.24)
                                                                                     
25 to 34 years old, all education                                                                                    
levels 67.7   (0.59) 74.5   (0.49) 76.2   (0.48) 78.6   (0.47) 78.5   (0.48) 81.6   (0.49) 76.8   (0.31) 77.9   (0.32) 78.9   (0.31) 78.1   (0.31) 74.2   (0.36) 73.2   (0.34) 73.0   (0.35) 73.8   (0.31)
Less than high school completion 52.9   (1.43) 58.3   (1.46) 57.0   (1.54) 60.3   (1.50) 59.8   (1.59) 64.1   (1.76) 62.0   (0.95) 63.2   (0.91) 63.7   (0.97) 60.4   (0.93) 54.6   (1.07) 55.1   (0.95) 54.2   (1.17) 56.2   (1.14)
High school completion2  65.5   (0.92) 72.0   (0.81) 74.3   (0.78) 77.7   (0.74) 77.0   (0.84) 80.2   (0.91) 73.1   (0.60) 75.6   (0.63) 76.4   (0.57) 74.0   (0.60) 69.0   (0.66) 68.1   (0.72) 67.9   (0.67) 68.7   (0.75)
Some college, no bachelor's
      degree3 
71.7   (1.33) 77.8   (1.01) 80.1   (0.97) 81.6   (0.96) 80.5   (0.87) 82.8   (0.90) 79.4   (0.54) 78.9   (0.60) 80.1   (0.54) 79.9   (0.52) 75.9   (0.60) 72.9   (0.57) 73.0   (0.62) 72.7   (0.68)
Bachelor's or higher degree 82.0   (1.04) 85.4   (0.82) 86.6   (0.79) 88.1   (0.76) 88.1   (0.75) 89.0   (0.73) 84.4   (0.52) 85.6   (0.48) 86.5   (0.47) 86.8   (0.46) 84.5   (0.49) 84.0   (0.49) 83.4   (0.45) 84.3   (0.45)
                                                                                     
35 to 44 years old, all education                                                                                    
levels 70.3   (0.66) 76.5   (0.58) 78.1   (0.54) 81.6   (0.48) 80.2   (0.46) 81.8   (0.45) 79.9   (0.26) 80.0   (0.29) 80.7   (0.26) 80.1   (0.30) 76.7   (0.29) 76.0   (0.30) 76.0   (0.35) 76.9   (0.35)
Less than high school completion 61.4   (1.31) 63.4   (1.39) 60.0   (1.58) 62.5   (1.69) 58.6   (1.66) 64.8   (1.64) 64.9   (0.93) 64.3   (0.97) 65.0   (1.00) 64.3   (1.05) 60.2   (1.01) 58.2   (1.13) 57.5   (1.04) 59.6   (1.13)
High school completion2  69.6   (1.02) 76.6   (0.90) 76.6   (0.88) 80.0   (0.80) 78.6   (0.82) 81.0   (0.79) 78.0   (0.52) 77.9   (0.52) 78.6   (0.50) 76.9   (0.57) 72.6   (0.63) 72.4   (0.64) 71.8   (0.64) 72.1   (0.68)
Some college, no bachelor's
      degree3 
74.5   (1.74) 80.9   (1.33) 81.6   (1.15) 85.0   (0.93) 83.3   (0.81) 84.4   (0.80) 82.0   (0.48) 81.8   (0.52) 83.6   (0.50) 82.4   (0.58) 78.5   (0.53) 76.9   (0.53) 76.9   (0.62) 78.2   (0.61)
Bachelor's or higher degree 84.5   (1.31) 87.1   (1.00) 88.8   (0.80) 89.5   (0.72) 88.5   (0.71) 87.6   (0.74) 85.9   (0.41) 86.4   (0.38) 86.0   (0.40) 86.4   (0.40) 84.8   (0.42) 84.7   (0.39) 84.8   (0.43) 85.0   (0.41)
                                                                                     
45 to 54 years old, all education                                                                                    
levels 68.4   (0.65) 71.7   (0.65) 73.5   (0.67) 77.6   (0.62) 78.8   (0.55) 81.2   (0.50) 78.4   (0.32) 78.8   (0.32) 78.9   (0.33) 78.4   (0.33) 75.2   (0.34) 74.7   (0.35) 74.3   (0.32) 74.6   (0.30)
Less than high school completion 59.8   (1.14) 61.8   (1.24) 58.7   (1.52) 60.7   (1.63) 58.4   (1.79) 60.3   (1.89) 59.0   (1.04) 59.0   (1.11) 58.5   (1.05) 56.0   (1.02) 54.0   (1.13) 52.5   (1.05) 51.7   (0.84) 54.7   (1.06)
High school completion2  68.8   (1.03) 72.0   (1.02) 74.0   (1.03) 77.5   (0.97) 75.9   (1.01) 78.2   (0.95) 75.1   (0.64) 75.8   (0.62) 76.2   (0.58) 75.4   (0.57) 71.6   (0.53) 71.0   (0.65) 70.1   (0.58) 70.4   (0.62)
Some college, no bachelor's
      degree3 
74.7   (1.81) 76.5   (1.72) 79.2   (1.63) 81.9   (1.38) 81.7   (1.03) 83.4   (0.91) 80.4   (0.57) 81.5   (0.53) 81.0   (0.58) 80.2   (0.51) 77.3   (0.58) 77.3   (0.54) 76.6   (0.53) 76.2   (0.53)
Bachelor's or higher degree 87.1   (1.36) 87.3   (1.21) 87.9   (1.16) 89.4   (0.97) 89.5   (0.78) 89.7   (0.71) 87.5   (0.45) 87.3   (0.42) 87.7   (0.42) 88.1   (0.45) 85.2   (0.45) 84.4   (0.45) 84.9   (0.45) 84.7   (0.48)
                                                                                     
55 to 64 years old, all education                                                                                    
levels 54.6   (0.77) 54.1   (0.73) 52.1   (0.77) 53.4   (0.81) 55.0   (0.82) 58.1   (0.79) 60.8   (0.48) 61.9   (0.43) 62.2   (0.46) 62.8   (0.41) 60.8   (0.42) 60.6   (0.41) 60.2   (0.43) 60.6   (0.41)
Less than high school completion 48.5   (1.11) 43.2   (1.16) 41.8   (1.29) 39.5   (1.46) 38.1   (1.67) 40.4   (1.84) 39.4   (1.13) 41.5   (1.17) 43.3   (1.19) 41.0   (1.24) 38.2   (1.19) 40.0   (1.19) 39.4   (1.15) 39.1   (1.08)
High school completion2  56.5   (1.32) 57.5   (1.19) 52.1   (1.22) 54.0   (1.29) 53.7   (1.34) 55.4   (1.34) 55.3   (0.79) 56.6   (0.71) 55.9   (0.85) 57.8   (0.69) 55.8   (0.73) 55.1   (0.71) 54.4   (0.81) 54.6   (0.75)
Some college, no bachelor's
      degree3 
62.6   (2.48) 62.5   (2.08) 58.9   (2.21) 60.4   (2.12) 62.0   (1.74) 62.4   (1.64) 64.8   (0.90) 65.3   (0.83) 64.6   (0.73) 64.8   (0.80) 61.6   (0.74) 61.8   (0.76) 61.2   (0.78) 61.2   (0.70)
Bachelor's or higher degree 72.6   (2.34) 71.9   (1.96) 71.3   (1.83) 70.5   (1.79) 70.0   (1.72) 71.9   (1.49) 73.5   (0.74) 73.4   (0.75) 74.5   (0.75) 74.0   (0.68) 72.7   (0.63) 72.0   (0.65) 71.8   (0.71) 73.1   (0.66)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Data for 16- to 19-year-olds and 20- to 24-year-olds exclude persons enrolled in school.
2 Includes equivalency credentials, such as the General Educational Development (GED) credential.
3 Includes persons with no college degree as well as those with an associate's degree.
NOTE: The employment to population ratio is the number of persons employed as a percentage of the civilian population.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics, unpublished annual average data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), selected years, 1975 through 2012. (This table was prepared October 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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