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Table 210. Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education, by function and subfunction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2009-10
Function and subfunction Expenditures (in thousands of current dollars) Percentage distribution of
 current expenditures for public schools
1990-91 1995-96 1999-2000 2000-01 2005-06 2007-08 2008-091 2009-10 1990-91 1995-96 1999-2000 2000-01 2005-06 2007-08 2008-091 2009-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Total expenditures $229,429,715   $293,646,490 $381,838,155 $410,811,185 $528,268,772 $597,313,726 $610,326,007 $607,235,611
Current expenditures for                                  
public schools 202,037,752   255,106,683 323,888,508 348,360,841 449,131,342 506,884,219 518,922,842 525,497,898 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
                                   
Salaries 132,730,931 2 165,806,160 210,158,874 224,305,806 273,142,308 304,021,671 312,552,150 314,014,404 65.70 64.99 64.89 64.39 60.82 59.98 60.23 59.76
Employee benefits 33,954,456 2 44,786,697 53,333,592 57,976,490 87,888,909 103,012,045 105,667,462 109,286,516 16.81 17.56 16.47 16.64 19.57 20.32 20.36 20.80
Purchased services 16,380,643 2 21,579,562 29,051,785 31,778,754 43,195,665 49,206,425 50,715,562 51,923,510 8.11 8.46 8.97 9.12 9.62 9.71 9.77 9.88
Tuition 1,192,505 2 1,590,468 2,231,250 2,458,366 3,828,079 4,574,030 4,492,060 4,749,301 0.59 0.62 0.69 0.71 0.85 0.90 0.87 0.90
Supplies 14,805,956 2 18,756,157 25,896,917 28,262,078 36,637,037 41,362,823 40,629,203 40,347,354 7.33 7.35 8.00 8.11 8.16 8.16 7.83 7.68
Other 2,973,261 2 2,587,639 3,216,089 3,579,347 4,439,345 4,707,226 4,866,404 5,176,812 1.47 1.01 0.99 1.03 0.99 0.93 0.94 0.99
                                   
Instruction 122,223,362   157,473,978 199,968,138 214,333,003 273,760,798 308,238,664 316,075,710 321,929,831 60.50 61.73 61.74 61.53 60.95 60.81 60.91 61.26
Salaries 90,742,284   114,580,985 145,071,564 154,512,089 186,905,065 206,688,984 212,963,123 214,445,260 44.91 44.91 44.79 44.35 41.61 40.78 41.04 40.81
Employee benefits 22,347,524   30,299,566 36,197,167 39,522,678 59,032,817 69,275,522 71,029,220 73,729,412 11.06 11.88 11.18 11.35 13.14 13.67 13.69 14.03
Purchased services 2,722,639   3,825,111 5,839,673 6,430,708 10,083,561 12,246,282 12,782,555 13,818,576 1.35 1.50 1.80 1.85 2.25 2.42 2.46 2.63
Tuition 1,192,505   1,590,468 2,231,250 2,458,366 3,828,079 4,574,030 4,492,060 4,749,301 0.59 0.62 0.69 0.71 0.85 0.90 0.87 0.90
Supplies 4,584,754   6,513,488 9,751,743 10,377,554 12,731,138 14,145,041 13,421,846 13,746,138 2.27 2.55 3.01 2.98 2.83 2.79 2.59 2.62
Textbooks   2,537,332 2,720,526 2,934,200 2,555,426 0.56 0.54 0.57 0.49
Other 633,656   664,360 876,741 1,031,608 1,180,138 1,308,805 1,386,906 1,441,143 0.31 0.26 0.27 0.30 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.27
                                   
Student support3 8,926,010   12,266,136 16,046,845 17,292,756 23,336,224 27,492,686 28,533,413 29,202,534 4.42 4.81 4.95 4.96 5.20 5.42 5.50 5.56
Salaries 6,565,965   8,885,707 11,496,451 12,354,464 15,833,312 18,327,236 19,109,617 19,394,301 3.25 3.48 3.55 3.55 3.53 3.62 3.68 3.69
Employee benefits 1,660,082   2,307,480 2,841,949 3,036,037 4,859,310 5,914,825 6,145,103 6,406,818 0.82 0.90 0.88 0.87 1.08 1.17 1.18 1.22
Purchased services 455,996   687,300 1,180,701 1,328,600 1,958,934 2,382,679 2,414,847 2,492,364 0.23 0.27 0.36 0.38 0.44 0.47 0.47 0.47
Supplies 191,482   247,262 389,044 421,838 497,201 537,295 525,459 544,663 0.09 0.10 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.10
Other 52,485   138,387 138,699 151,817 187,468 330,652 338,387 364,388 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.07 0.07 0.07
                                   
Instructional staff                                  
services4 8,467,142   10,070,241 14,640,411 15,926,856 21,923,223 25,364,532 25,018,199 25,163,007 4.19 3.95 4.52 4.57 4.88 5.00 4.82 4.79
Salaries 5,560,129   6,418,530 8,971,366 9,790,767 13,005,332 15,212,248 14,962,194 14,832,301 2.75 2.52 2.77 2.81 2.90 3.00 2.88 2.82
Employee benefits 1,408,217   1,719,377 2,169,051 2,356,440 3,898,171 4,686,748 4,746,650 4,882,421 0.70 0.67 0.67 0.68 0.87 0.92 0.91 0.93
Purchased services 622,487   925,403 1,776,849 2,003,598 2,944,703 3,300,159 3,256,725 3,391,019 0.31 0.36 0.55 0.58 0.66 0.65 0.63 0.65
Supplies 776,863   918,189 1,485,730 1,566,954 1,867,878 1,957,097 1,834,852 1,831,059 0.38 0.36 0.46 0.45 0.42 0.39 0.35 0.35
Other 99,445   88,743 237,415 209,097 207,139 208,280 217,778 226,208 0.05 0.03 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04
                                   
General administration 5,791,253   5,878,493 6,698,006 7,108,291 8,920,041 9,866,659 10,202,846 10,420,229 2.87 2.30 2.07 2.04 1.99 1.95 1.97 1.98
Salaries 2,603,562   2,901,172 3,179,759 3,351,554 3,860,883 4,294,513 4,420,788 4,454,108 1.29 1.14 0.98 0.96 0.86 0.85 0.85 0.85
Employee benefits 777,381   828,483 938,113 1,000,698 1,479,556 1,682,009 1,747,378 1,800,791 0.38 0.32 0.29 0.29 0.33 0.33 0.34 0.34
Purchased services 1,482,427   1,626,178 1,941,822 2,099,032 2,735,714 2,975,038 3,174,832 3,144,037 0.73 0.64 0.60 0.60 0.61 0.59 0.61 0.60
Supplies 172,898   185,831 196,205 206,137 225,230 241,979 230,822 232,846 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04
Other 754,985   336,828 442,107 450,870 618,657 673,120 629,025 788,446 0.37 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.15
                                   
School administration 11,695,344   14,831,159 18,381,292 19,580,890 25,277,042 28,336,682 28,608,480 28,564,386 5.79 5.81 5.68 5.62 5.63 5.59 5.51 5.44
Salaries 8,935,903   11,156,460 13,923,730 14,817,213 18,181,910 20,180,936 20,521,736 20,340,087 4.42 4.37 4.30 4.25 4.05 3.98 3.95 3.87
Employee benefits 2,257,783   2,963,991 3,455,390 3,689,689 5,622,342 6,554,820 6,600,069 6,742,986 1.12 1.16 1.07 1.06 1.25 1.29 1.27 1.28
Purchased services 247,750   384,908 573,003 611,638 862,664 973,499 934,243 933,440 0.12 0.15 0.18 0.18 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.18
Supplies 189,711   256,857 337,651 369,257 474,816 484,491 430,083 421,141 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.08
Other 64,197   68,943 91,519 93,093 135,311 142,936 122,349 126,732 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02
                                   
Operation and maintenance 21,290,655   25,724,062 31,190,295 34,034,158 44,313,835 49,362,661 50,559,027 49,931,515 10.54 10.08 9.63 9.77 9.87 9.74 9.74 9.50
Salaries 8,849,559   10,454,854 12,745,457 13,461,242 16,021,701 17,656,583 18,045,474 17,940,246 4.38 4.10 3.94 3.86 3.57 3.48 3.48 3.41
Employee benefits 2,633,075   3,129,632 3,531,423 3,778,520 5,840,665 6,701,757 6,881,875 7,037,714 1.30 1.23 1.09 1.08 1.30 1.32 1.33 1.34
Purchased services 5,721,125   7,698,704 8,866,099 9,642,217 11,913,734 13,051,419 13,150,025 13,043,801 2.83 3.02 2.74 2.77 2.65 2.57 2.53 2.48
Supplies 3,761,738   4,214,201 5,801,242 6,871,845 10,147,971 11,508,237 12,043,690 11,460,870 1.86 1.65 1.79 1.97 2.26 2.27 2.32 2.18
Other 325,157   226,670 246,075 280,334 389,764 444,665 437,964 448,883 0.16 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.09
                                   
Student transportation 8,678,954   10,396,426 13,007,625 14,052,654 18,850,234 21,536,978 21,679,876 21,841,557 4.30 4.08 4.02 4.03 4.20 4.25 4.18 4.16
Salaries 3,285,127   3,933,969 5,061,209 5,406,092 6,701,455 7,507,100 7,591,289 7,632,931 1.63 1.54 1.56 1.55 1.49 1.48 1.46 1.45
Employee benefits 892,985   1,207,961 1,464,249 1,592,127 2,535,296 2,867,686 2,933,989 3,048,617 0.44 0.47 0.45 0.46 0.56 0.57 0.57 0.58
Purchased services 3,345,232   4,257,805 5,331,435 5,767,462 7,547,730 8,556,631 9,001,837 9,002,419 1.66 1.67 1.65 1.66 1.68 1.69 1.73 1.71
Supplies 961,447   836,450 1,034,323 1,159,350 1,867,495 2,427,117 1,983,454 1,967,693 0.48 0.33 0.32 0.33 0.42 0.48 0.38 0.37
Other 194,163   160,239 116,410 127,623 198,259 178,444 169,307 189,896 0.10 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.04
                                   
Other support services5 5,587,837   7,039,408 10,188,917 11,439,134 14,463,815 16,310,815 17,187,109 17,201,154 2.77 2.76 3.15 3.28 3.22 3.22 3.31 3.27
Salaries 2,900,394   3,450,836 4,930,099 5,521,381 6,577,129 7,517,159 8,091,102 8,153,103 1.44 1.35 1.52 1.58 1.46 1.48 1.56 1.55
Employee benefits 980,859   1,182,229 1,433,054 1,594,540 2,483,366 2,982,979 3,148,252 3,134,760 0.49 0.46 0.44 0.46 0.55 0.59 0.61 0.60
Purchased services 798,922   1,362,961 2,462,775 2,783,176 3,455,292 3,778,311 3,928,346 3,913,478 0.40 0.53 0.76 0.80 0.77 0.75 0.76 0.74
Supplies 294,527   398,534 573,670 626,889 793,997 988,542 884,381 851,956 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.17 0.16
Other 613,135   644,849 789,319 913,148 1,154,031 1,043,824 1,135,027 1,147,857 0.30 0.25 0.24 0.26 0.26 0.21 0.22 0.22
                                   
Food services 8,430,490   10,648,844 12,948,807 13,816,635 17,263,582 19,190,249 19,794,945 19,986,503 4.17 4.17 4.00 3.97 3.84 3.79 3.81 3.80
Salaries   3,844,285 4,606,262 4,966,092 5,841,522 6,332,680 6,505,821 6,484,927 1.51 1.42 1.43 1.30 1.25 1.25 1.23
Employee benefits   1,103,433 1,267,921 1,381,923 2,061,344 2,264,203 2,343,119 2,411,864 0.43 0.39 0.40 0.46 0.45 0.45 0.46
Purchased services   627,902 897,762 923,091 1,464,511 1,699,764 1,815,966 1,926,805 0.25 0.28 0.26 0.33 0.34 0.35 0.37
Supplies   4,916,299 6,041,001 6,420,201 7,727,182 8,727,170 8,908,841 8,929,335 1.93 1.87 1.84 1.72 1.72 1.72 1.70
Other   156,924 135,861 125,327 169,023 166,431 221,198 233,573 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04
                                   
Enterprise operations6 946,705   777,937 818,172 776,463 1,022,549 1,184,293 1,263,238 1,257,180 0.47 0.30 0.25 0.22 0.23 0.23 0.24 0.24
Salaries   179,360 172,977 124,913 213,999 304,233 341,007 337,140 0.07 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.06
Employee benefits   44,545 35,276 23,837 76,042 81,496 91,807 91,133 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Purchased services   183,288 181,666 189,230 228,823 242,643 256,186 257,570 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Supplies   269,046 286,309 242,052 304,129 345,854 365,775 361,651 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
Other   101,697 141,943 196,430 199,556 210,068 208,463 209,686 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
                                   
Other current expenditures 3,295,717   4,724,659 5,457,015 6,063,700 7,415,575 8,307,720 8,463,793 8,407,708
Community services 964,370   1,728,669 2,151,043 2,426,189 3,015,207 3,289,736 3,364,620 3,400,571
Private school programs 527,609   781,148 961,203 1,026,695 1,389,204 1,564,201 1,541,922 1,496,951
Adult education 1,365,523   1,500,438 1,715,332 1,838,265 2,001,459 2,148,351 2,187,628 2,060,415
Community colleges 5,356   7,746 265 351 0 32,694 33,303 33,274
Other 432,858   706,657 629,172 772,200 1,009,704 1,272,738 1,336,321 1,416,496
                                   
Capital outlay7 19,771,478   27,555,667 43,357,186 46,220,704 57,375,299 66,426,299 65,890,367 55,650,868
Public schools 19,655,496   27,457,489 43,231,206 46,078,494 57,281,425 66,331,738 65,799,088 55,555,619
Other current expenditures 115,982   98,179 125,980 142,210 93,874 94,561 91,279 95,249
                                   
Interest on school debt 4,324,768   6,259,480 9,135,445 10,165,940 14,346,556 15,695,488 17,049,004 17,679,138
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Data have been revised from previously published figures.
2 Includes estimated data for subfunctions of food services and enterprise operations.
3 Includes expenditures for guidance, health, attendance, and speech pathology services.
4 Includes expenditures for curriculum development, staff training, libraries, and media and computer centers.
5 Includes business support services concerned with paying, transporting, exchanging, and maintaining goods and services for local education agencies; central support services, including planning, research, evaluation, information, staff, and data processing services; and other support services.
6 Includes expenditures for operations funded by sales of products or services (e.g., school bookstore or computer time). Includes very small amounts for direct program support made by state education agencies for local school districts.
7 Includes expenditures for property and for buildings and alterations completed by school district staff or contractors.
NOTE: Excludes expenditures for state education agencies. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1990-91 through 2009-10. (This table was prepared January 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education