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Digest of Education Statistics
2012 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 178. Average number of Carnegie units earned by public high school graduates in career/technical education courses in various occupational fields, by sex and race/ethnicity, and percentage distribution of students, by units earned: Selected years, 2000 through 2009
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Graduation year, sex, and race/ethnicity Total, all occupational education courses1 Agriculture Business and marketing Communica-tions and design Computer and information sciences Construction and architecture Engineering technologies Health sciences Manufacturing Repair and transporta-tion Personal, public, and legal services
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
2000 graduates                                                          
                                                           
Average units earned,
     all students2 
2.86 (0.105) 0.25   (0.029) 0.82 (0.041) 0.30 (0.016) 0.27   (0.021) 0.14   (0.018) 0.20   (0.020) 0.15   (0.019) 0.24   (0.021) 0.18   (0.015) 0.32 (0.018)
                                                           
Units earned, by sex                                                          
Male 3.24 (0.133) 0.34   (0.041) 0.71 (0.043) 0.28 (0.018) 0.33   (0.026) 0.25   (0.035) 0.34   (0.034) 0.07   (0.013) 0.40   (0.035) 0.33   (0.028) 0.18 (0.015)
Female 2.48 (0.086) 0.16   (0.022) 0.91 (0.042) 0.32 (0.017) 0.21   (0.020) 0.02   (0.003) 0.06   (0.008) 0.22   (0.026) 0.10   (0.011) 0.03   (0.004) 0.46 (0.027)
                                                           
Units earned, by
     race/ethnicity
                                                         
White 2.97 (0.136) 0.31   (0.038) 0.79 (0.049) 0.31 (0.019) 0.26   (0.023) 0.16   (0.027) 0.22   (0.025) 0.13   (0.019) 0.27   (0.027) 0.20   (0.021) 0.31 (0.020)
Black 2.74 (0.143) 0.11   (0.027) 0.98 (0.068) 0.29 (0.026) 0.24   (0.024) 0.08   (0.017) 0.15   (0.029) 0.17   (0.022) 0.17   (0.023) 0.11   (0.016) 0.44 (0.050)
Hispanic 2.64 (0.152) 0.13   (0.020) 0.86 (0.083) 0.29 (0.024) 0.26   (0.021) 0.09   (0.018) 0.14   (0.019) 0.24 ! (0.100) 0.17   (0.027) 0.15   (0.017) 0.31 (0.029)
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.99 (0.149) 0.06   (0.014) 0.54 (0.065) 0.25 (0.035) 0.45   (0.098) 0.02 ! (0.007) 0.17   (0.033) 0.15   (0.037) 0.12   (0.030) 0.07   (0.018) 0.16 (0.022)
American Indian/
     Alaska Native
3.23 (0.380) 0.37 ! (0.131) 0.80 (0.088) 0.24 (0.050) 0.32   (0.072) 0.08 ! (0.029) 0.20 ! (0.067) 0.11   (0.030) 0.49 ! (0.160)   (†) 0.41 (0.121)
                                                           
Percentage distribution
     of students, by units earned
                                                         
0 units 11.1 (0.79) 88.3   (0.86) 49.0 (1.83) 74.5 (1.29) 75.7   (1.61) 93.1   (0.51) 85.8   (1.10) 89.4   (1.28) 83.6   (0.98) 90.7   (0.61) 74.5 (1.34)
More than 0, but less than 1 7.9 (0.57) 2.3   (0.37) 12.1 (1.18) 8.9 (0.72) 8.7   (1.22) 1.8   (0.26) 3.4   (0.44) 5.6   (1.22) 5.4   (0.53) 2.7   (0.43) 11.8 (1.01)
At least 1, but less than 2 22.1 (0.77) 4.5   (0.37) 22.7 (0.91) 12.1 (0.72) 11.9   (0.94) 3.0   (0.33) 7.5   (0.67) 2.3   (0.32) 7.0   (0.61) 3.5   (0.38) 8.6 (0.64)
At least 2, but less than 3 17.0 (0.56) 1.7   (0.18) 8.1 (0.50) 3.0 (0.25) 2.5   (0.39) 0.7   (0.11) 2.1   (0.23) 0.8   (0.13) 2.1   (0.27) 0.9   (0.11) 2.5 (0.29)
3 or more units 41.8 (1.53) 3.3   (0.44) 8.1 (0.63) 1.6 (0.20) 1.1   (0.20) 1.4   (0.21) 1.3   (0.18) 1.9   (0.39) 1.9   (0.26) 2.1   (0.21) 2.6 (0.22)
  4 or more units 28.9 (1.48) 2.1   (0.37) 4.0 (0.47) 0.8 (0.13) 0.6   (0.15) 1.0   (0.20) 0.6   (0.13) 1.1 ! (0.37) 1.2   (0.20) 1.4   (0.18) 1.5 (0.19)
                                                           
2005 graduates                                                          
                                                           
Average units earned,
     all students2 
2.64 (0.045) 0.23   (0.013) 0.64 (0.020) 0.36 (0.012) 0.24   (0.011) 0.12   (0.007) 0.15   (0.008) 0.16   (0.010) 0.21   (0.011) 0.18   (0.011) 0.35 (0.013)
                                                           
Units earned, by sex                                                          
Male 3.01 (0.050) 0.32   (0.020) 0.62 (0.022) 0.34 (0.014) 0.33   (0.015) 0.21   (0.014) 0.26   (0.014) 0.07   (0.007) 0.33   (0.019) 0.33   (0.019) 0.20 (0.011)
Female 2.29 (0.049) 0.15   (0.011) 0.66 (0.023) 0.38 (0.014) 0.15   (0.010) 0.03   (0.003) 0.05   (0.005) 0.25   (0.016) 0.10   (0.008) 0.03   (0.005) 0.49 (0.018)
                                                           
Units earned, by                                                          
race/ethnicity                                                          
White 2.75 (0.059) 0.28   (0.017) 0.63 (0.024) 0.39 (0.015) 0.24   (0.013) 0.13   (0.010) 0.17   (0.010) 0.15   (0.012) 0.25   (0.015) 0.19   (0.014) 0.33 (0.015)
Black 2.58 (0.074) 0.10   (0.018) 0.80 (0.041) 0.28 (0.019) 0.23   (0.021) 0.11   (0.012) 0.11   (0.015) 0.25   (0.023) 0.11   (0.013) 0.13   (0.023) 0.45 (0.030)
Hispanic 2.41 (0.086) 0.14   (0.019) 0.63 (0.033) 0.30 (0.016) 0.21   (0.015) 0.10   (0.014) 0.12   (0.019) 0.16   (0.019) 0.17   (0.022) 0.19   (0.020) 0.39 (0.030)
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.94 (0.116) 0.06 ! (0.019) 0.49 (0.045) 0.32 (0.040) 0.36   (0.032) 0.04   (0.010) 0.13   (0.021) 0.10   (0.022) 0.13   (0.024) 0.09   (0.018) 0.21 (0.020)
American Indian/                                                          
Alaska Native 2.45 (0.208) 0.46   (0.127) 0.46 (0.080) 0.33 (0.056) 0.24 ! (0.076) 0.09 ! (0.038) 0.02 ! (0.009) 0.10   (0.029) 0.24   (0.055) 0.21 ! (0.069) 0.31 (0.057)
                                                           
Percentage distribution
     of students, by units earned
                                                         
0 units 13.0 (0.45) 88.4   (0.54) 55.8 (1.05) 69.8 (0.79) 80.5   (0.91) 93.3   (0.33) 88.2   (0.53) 90.4   (0.67) 83.6   (0.82) 91.2   (0.38) 74.9 (0.85)
More than 0, but less than 1 8.2 (0.35) 2.0   (0.20) 11.5 (0.62) 10.6 (0.50) 6.3   (0.36) 1.6   (0.17) 3.7   (0.34) 3.3   (0.52) 6.2   (0.48) 2.6   (0.26) 9.7 (0.61)
At least 1, but less than 2 22.0 (0.41) 4.8   (0.28) 20.7 (0.65) 14.2 (0.59) 9.5   (0.62) 2.9   (0.20) 5.7   (0.28) 2.9   (0.21) 6.4   (0.35) 2.8   (0.17) 9.6 (0.47)
At least 2, but less than 3 17.3 (0.34) 1.8   (0.12) 6.5 (0.29) 3.4 (0.16) 2.3   (0.19) 0.9   (0.11) 1.4   (0.12) 1.1   (0.11) 2.0   (0.18) 1.1   (0.12) 2.7 (0.20)
3 or more units 39.5 (0.76) 3.0   (0.21) 5.4 (0.32) 2.1 (0.17) 1.4   (0.12) 1.2   (0.12) 1.0   (0.13) 2.2   (0.19) 1.8   (0.16) 2.3   (0.20) 3.0 (0.20)
  4 or more units 26.5 (0.67) 1.9   (0.16) 2.7 (0.20) 0.9 (0.09) 0.6   (0.09) 0.8   (0.09) 0.5   (0.08) 1.1   (0.13) 0.8   (0.11) 1.5   (0.16) 1.7 (0.15)
                                                           
2009 graduates                                                          
                                                           
Average units earned,
     all students2 
2.47 (0.059) 0.20   (0.013) 0.51 (0.017) 0.36 (0.011) 0.23   (0.010) 0.11   (0.009) 0.14   (0.008) 0.20   (0.015) 0.17   (0.010) 0.17   (0.015) 0.37 (0.020)
                                                           
Units earned, by sex                                                          
Male 2.77 (0.068) 0.27   (0.020) 0.52 (0.020) 0.35 (0.012) 0.31   (0.013) 0.20   (0.015) 0.24   (0.013) 0.09   (0.010) 0.26   (0.017) 0.32   (0.027) 0.22 (0.013)
Female 2.19 (0.055) 0.14   (0.009) 0.50 (0.018) 0.38 (0.013) 0.16   (0.009) 0.03   (0.004) 0.05   (0.005) 0.31   (0.021) 0.09   (0.007) 0.03   (0.005) 0.51 (0.028)
                                                           
Units earned, by
     race/ethnicity
                                                         
White 2.55 (0.071) 0.27   (0.020) 0.50 (0.022) 0.38 (0.013) 0.22   (0.011) 0.13   (0.011) 0.16   (0.010) 0.16   (0.013) 0.20   (0.014) 0.17   (0.012) 0.35 (0.020)
Black 2.72 (0.127) 0.09   (0.010) 0.69 (0.035) 0.34 (0.026) 0.26   (0.026) 0.10   (0.021) 0.10   (0.015) 0.31   (0.044) 0.12   (0.015) 0.19 ! (0.056) 0.52 (0.037)
Hispanic 2.31 (0.101) 0.14   (0.018) 0.43 (0.027) 0.34 (0.015) 0.23   (0.025) 0.08   (0.011) 0.10   (0.009) 0.24   (0.031) 0.13   (0.013) 0.20   (0.026) 0.43 (0.044)
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.63 (0.074) 0.03   (0.009) 0.42 (0.054) 0.26 (0.026) 0.27   (0.024) 0.04   (0.009) 0.13   (0.034) 0.20   (0.048) 0.08   (0.012) 0.07   (0.015) 0.14 (0.020)
American Indian/                                                          
Alaska Native 2.35 (0.188) 0.17 ! (0.069) 0.43 (0.065) 0.44 (0.065) 0.24 ! (0.079)   (†) 0.07 ! (0.028) 0.12 ! (0.050) 0.30   (0.071) 0.19 ! (0.068) 0.26 (0.057)
                                                           
Percentage distribution
     of students, by units earned
                                                         
0 units 15.0 (0.61) 89.3   (0.58) 63.4 (1.04) 70.2 (0.91) 78.5   (0.89) 93.3   (0.43) 88.8   (0.62) 89.6   (0.64) 87.1   (0.52) 92.0   (0.43) 74.6 (0.73)
More than 0, but less than 1 8.7 (0.33) 2.1   (0.26) 10.1 (0.51) 10.2 (0.55) 8.3   (0.64) 1.7   (0.18) 2.8   (0.24) 2.3   (0.28) 4.5   (0.30) 2.0   (0.21) 9.2 (0.40)
At least 1, but less than 2 23.0 (0.59) 4.3   (0.32) 17.0 (0.60) 13.8 (0.53) 10.1   (0.50) 2.9   (0.23) 6.1   (0.51) 4.1   (0.44) 5.6   (0.31) 2.8   (0.20) 10.2 (0.45)
At least 2, but less than 3 17.0 (0.33) 1.7   (0.15) 5.4 (0.35) 3.6 (0.20) 2.1   (0.16) 1.0   (0.17) 1.3   (0.12) 1.4   (0.13) 1.6   (0.12) 1.1   (0.10) 2.9 (0.22)
3 or more units 36.2 (1.02) 2.7   (0.24) 4.1 (0.23) 2.2 (0.13) 1.1   (0.14) 1.1   (0.11) 0.9   (0.09) 2.6   (0.25) 1.3   (0.15) 2.1   (0.24) 3.2 (0.24)
  4 or more units 23.8 (0.89) 1.6   (0.15) 1.8 (0.16) 1.0 (0.07) 0.4   (0.07) 0.7   (0.08) 0.4   (0.05) 1.7   (0.19) 0.6   (0.09) 1.5   (0.21) 1.9 (0.19)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater.
1 Includes Carnegie units earned in all occupational education courses. This table does not include general labor market preparation courses and family and consumer sciences education courses.
2 Total includes other racial/ethnic groups not separately shown.
NOTE: The Carnegie unit is a standard of measurement that represents one credit for the completion of a 1-year course. Data may differ from figures appearing in other NCES reports because of differences in course taxonomies and/or inclusion criteria. The analysis was restricted to graduates who attained either a standard or honors diploma and whose transcripts reflected a total of 16 or more Carnegie credits, with credits in English making up some part of the total. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Totals include other racial/ethnic groups not separately shown. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2000, 2005, and 2009 High School Transcript Study (HSTS). (This table was prepared September 2011.)

2012 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest