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Table 163. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score of high school graduates at grade 12, by highest mathematics course taken in high school and selected student and school characteristics: 2009
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected student or school characteristic Algebra I
or below1
Geometry Algebra II/
trigonometry
Analysis/
pre-
calculus
Statistics/
probability
Advanced
mathematics,
other2
Calculus
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Total3 114 (1.1) 127 (1.0) 143 (0.6) 166 (0.9) 164 (1.8) 154 (1.3) 193 (1.2)
Sex                            
Male 117 (1.7) 128 (1.2) 145 (0.8) 169 (1.0) 165 (2.2) 156 (1.5) 197 (1.4)
Female 111 (1.6) 126 (1.1) 142 (0.8) 163 (1.0) 162 (2.0) 153 (1.4) 190 (1.2)
                             
Race/ethnicity                            
White 117 (1.6) 133 (1.3) 150 (0.8) 172 (0.9) 169 (1.5) 160 (1.3) 194 (1.1)
Black 104 (2.8) 114 (1.8) 129 (0.9) 147 (1.6) 139 (4.0) 138 (2.1) 170 (2.7)
Hispanic 109 (2.2) 122 (1.0) 136 (0.8) 155 (1.6) 154 (3.2) 142 (2.3) 179 (2.5)
Asian/Pacific Islander (†) 129 (3.9) 149 (4.1) 170 (2.3) 176 (4.1) 164 (2.9) 203 (1.8)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†) 143 (3.8) (†) (†) (†) (†)
                             
Student with disabilities (SD) status                            
SD4 103 (1.7) 114 (2.5) 126 (2.1) 166 (5.0) 136 (6.3) 134 (3.5) 197 (3.7)
Non-SD 122 (1.2) 129 (0.9) 144 (0.6) 166 (0.9) 164 (1.7) 156 (1.3) 193 (1.2)
                             
English language learner (ELL) status                            
ELL 104 (4.5) 113 (2.8) 121 (2.1) 144 (6.1) (†) 129 (4.8) (†)
Non-ELL 114 (1.2) 128 (1.0) 144 (0.6) 166 (0.9) 164 (1.8) 155 (1.3) 193 (1.2)
                             
School type                            
Traditional public 114 (1.2) 127 (1.0) 143 (0.7) 166 (0.9) 164 (1.8) 155 (1.4) 193 (1.3)
Public charter (†) (†) 137 (10.3) 141 (6.8) 132 (1.6) (†) (†)
Private (†) 123 (3.3) 146 (3.3) 169 (2.7) 168 (3.9) 146 (4.0) 193 (3.3)
                             
Percentage of students eligible for                            
free or reduced-price lunch                            
0–25 percent 116 (3.0) 134 (2.0) 151 (1.3) 173 (1.5) 173 (1.5) 162 (1.9) 199 (1.6)
26–50 percent 115 (1.5) 127 (1.4) 144 (1.0) 165 (1.1) 162 (2.9) 154 (1.7) 189 (1.0)
51–75 percent 111 (3.0) 123 (1.8) 136 (1.1) 156 (1.3) 149 (3.6) 146 (3.7) 179 (2.8)
76–100 percent 107 (5.4) 115 (3.1) 126 (2.0) 144 (3.7) 137 (4.1) 131 (2.6) 163 (3.9)
                             
School locale                            
City 110 (2.6) 125 (1.7) 140 (1.8) 163 (2.1) 163 (3.3) 151 (3.0) 195 (2.3)
Suburban 112 (2.3) 127 (1.9) 144 (1.0) 169 (1.4) 167 (2.4) 157 (2.0) 195 (2.0)
Town 114 (2.5) 129 (1.9) 144 (1.6) 166 (1.6) 164 (3.1) 152 (3.8) 191 (2.1)
Rural 117 (2.0) 129 (1.4) 145 (1.3) 165 (1.9) 157 (4.9) 155 (2.1) 187 (2.0)
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Includes basic math, general math, applied math, pre-algebra, and algebra I.
2 Includes courses such as actuarial sciences, pure mathematics, discrete math, and advanced functions and modeling.
3 Includes other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately, as well as students for whom information on race/ethnicity or sex was missing.
4 SD estimates include both students with an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) and students with a plan under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (a “504 plan”). IEPs are only for students who require specialized instruction, whereas 504 plans apply to students who require accommodations but may not require specialized instruction.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 300. Includes students tested with accommodations (6 percent of all 12th-graders); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (3 percent of all 12th-graders). For a transcript to be included in the analyses, it had to meet three requirements: (1) the graduate received either a standard or honors diploma, (2) the graduate’s transcript contained 16 or more Carnegie credits, and (3) the graduate’s transcript contained more than 0 Carnegie credits in English courses. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2009 Mathematics Assessment; and 2009 High School Transcript Study (HSTS). (This table was prepared September 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education