Digest of Education Statistics
2012 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 29. Expenditures of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1899-1900 through 2011-12
[In millions]  
School year Current dollars Constant 2011-12 dollars1 
Total Elementary and secondary schools Postsecondary degree-granting institutions Total Elementary and secondary schools Postsecondary degree-granting institutions
Total Public Private2  Total Public Private Total Public
1 2 3 4 5 6 7   8 9 10 11 12
1899-1900 $215        
1909-10 426        
1919-20 1,036       $12,372  
1929-30 2,317 $632   $292   $341   30,801 $8,406  
1939-40 2,344 758   392   367   38,170 12,350  
1949-50 $8,494 $6,249 5,838 $411 2,246   1,154   1,092   $81,620 $60,042 56,093 21,578  
1959-60 22,314 16,713 15,613 1,100 5,601   3,131   2,470   172,817 129,441 120,921 43,377  
                               
1969-70 64,227 43,183 40,683 2,500 21,043   13,250   7,794   386,915 260,147 245,086 126,768  
1970-71 71,575 48,200 45,500 2,700 23,375   14,996   8,379   410,018 276,113 260,646 133,905  
1971-72 76,510 50,950 48,050 2,900 25,560   16,484   9,075   423,110 281,762 265,724 141,348  
1972-73 82,908 54,952 51,852 3,100 27,956   18,204   9,752   440,734 292,123 275,644 148,611  
1973-74 91,084 60,370 56,970 3,400 30,714   20,336   10,377   444,558 294,653 278,058 149,905  
                               
1974-75 103,903 68,846 64,846 4,000 35,058   23,490   11,568   456,533 302,497 284,921 154,037  
1975-76 114,004 75,101 70,601 4,500 38,903   26,184   12,719   467,800 308,166 289,701 159,634  
1976-77 121,793 79,194 74,194 5,000 42,600   28,635   13,965   472,227 307,056 287,669 165,171  
1977-78 132,515 86,544 80,844 5,700 45,971   30,725   15,246   481,468 314,442 293,733 167,026  
1978-79 143,733 93,012 86,712 6,300 50,721   33,733   16,988   477,496 308,995 288,066 168,501  
                               
1979-80 160,075 103,162 95,962 7,200 56,914   37,768   19,146   469,227 302,397 281,291 166,830  
1980-81 176,378 112,325 104,125 8,200 64,053   42,280   21,773   463,347 295,079 273,538 168,268  
1981-82 190,825 120,486 111,186 9,300 70,339   46,219   24,120   461,440 291,350 268,862 170,090  
1982-83 204,661 128,725 118,425 10,300 75,936   49,573   26,363   474,515 298,454 274,573 176,060  
1983-84 220,993 139,000 127,500 11,500 81,993   53,087   28,907   494,094 310,774 285,063 183,320  
                               
1984-85 239,351 149,400 137,000 12,400 89,951   58,315   31,637   514,981 321,444 294,765 193,536  
1985-86 259,336 161,800 148,600 13,200 97,536   63,194   34,342   542,339 338,366 310,762 203,973  
1986-87 280,964 175,200 160,900 14,300 105,764   67,654   38,110   574,807 358,431 329,176 216,375  
1987-88 301,786 187,999 172,699 15,300 113,787   72,641   41,145   592,842 369,313 339,257 223,529  
1988-89 333,245 209,377 192,977 16,400 123,867   78,946   44,922   625,741 393,153 362,358 232,588  
                               
1989-90 365,825 231,170 212,770 18,400 134,656   85,771   48,885   655,633 414,303 381,326 241,330  
1990-91 395,318 249,230 229,430 19,800 146,088   92,961   53,127   671,763 423,516 389,870 248,247  
1991-92 417,944 261,755 241,055 20,700 156,189   98,847   57,342   688,161 430,990 396,906 257,172  
1992-93 439,676 274,435 252,935 21,500 165,241   104,570   60,671   702,016 438,181 403,853 263,835  
1993-94 460,757 287,407 265,307 22,100 173,351   109,310   64,041   717,100 447,306 412,910 269,794  
                               
1994-95 485,169 302,200 279,000 23,200 182,969   115,465   67,504   734,053 457,224 422,123 276,829  
1995-96 508,523 318,046 293,646 24,400 190,476   119,525   70,952   749,009 468,455 432,516 280,555  
1996-97 538,854 338,951 313,151 25,800 199,903 2  125,978   73,925 2  771,668 485,397 448,450 286,272 2 
1997-98 570,471 361,615 334,315 27,300 208,856 2  132,846   76,010 2  802,632 508,779 470,369 293,853 2 
1998-99 603,847 384,638 355,838 28,800 219,209   140,539   78,670   835,133 531,962 492,131 303,170  
                               
1999-2000 649,322 412,538 381,838 30,700 236,784   152,325   84,459   872,829 554,540 513,273 318,289  
2000-01 705,017 444,811 410,811 34,000 260,206   170,345   89,861   916,302 578,116 533,926 338,186  
2001-02 752,780 472,064 435,364 36,700 280,715   183,436   97,280   961,358 602,863 555,994 358,495  
2002-03 795,691 492,807 454,907 37,900 302,884   197,026   105,858   994,308 615,819 568,459 378,489  
2003-04 830,293 513,542 474,242 39,300 316,751   205,069   111,682   1,015,334 627,991 579,932 387,343  
                               
2004-05 875,988 540,969 499,569 41,400 335,019   215,794   119,225   1,039,919 642,205 593,057 397,714  
2005-06 925,246 571,669 528,269 43,400 353,577   226,550   127,027   1,058,101 653,754 604,122 404,347  
2006-07 984,034 608,495 562,195 46,300 375,539   238,829   136,710   1,096,962 678,326 626,713 418,636  
2007-08 1,054,904 646,414 597,314 49,100 408,490   261,046   147,444   1,133,949 694,850 642,071 439,098  
2008-09 1,089,670 658,926 610,326 48,600 430,744   273,030   157,714   1,155,190 698,546 647,024 456,644  
                               
2009-10 1,101,119 654,636 607,236 47,400 446,483   281,368   165,115   1,156,141 687,347 637,578 468,794  
2010-113  1,153,000 681,000 631,000 51,000 471,000   296,000   175,000   1,187,000 701,000 649,000 485,000  
2011-122  1,183,000 700,000 650,000 50,000 483,000   304,000   179,000   1,183,000 700,000 650,000 483,000  
—Not available.
1 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
2 Estimated by the National Center for Education Statistics based on teacher and enrollment data, and actual expenditures for prior years.
3 Data for elementary and secondary education are estimated; data for degree-granting institutions are actual.
NOTE: Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary schools include current expenditures, interest on school debt, and capital outlay. Expenditures for public and private colleges and universities in 1929-30 and 1939-40 include current-fund expenditures and additions to plant value. Public and private degree-granting institutions data for 1949-50 through 1995-96 are for current-fund expenditures. Data for private degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 and later years are for total expenditures. Data for public degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 through 2000-01 are for current expenditures; data for later years are for total expenditures. Postsecondary data through 1995-96 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Annual Report of the Commissioner of Education, 1899-1900 and 1909-10; Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1919-20 through 1949-50; Statistics of State School Systems, 1959-60 and 1969-70; Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1970-71 through 1986-87; Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1987-88 through 2009-10; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education, 1965-66 through 1985-86; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Finance Survey," (IPEDS-F:FY87-99); IPEDS Spring 2001 through Spring 2012, Finance component; and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared January 2013.)

2012 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest