Digest of Education Statistics
2011 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 406. Percentage of 18- to 25-year-olds reporting use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and cigarettes during the past 30 days and the past year, by substance used and selected characteristics: 2004 and 2009
Year and selected characteristic Percent reporting use during past 30 days Percent reporting use during past year
Illicit drugs Alcohol Cigarettes Illicit drugs Alcohol Cigarettes
Any1 Marijuana Cocaine Any1 Marijuana Cocaine
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
2004                                        
Total 19.4 (0.40) 16.1 (0.37) 2.1 (0.13) 60.5 (0.51) 39.5 (0.49) 33.9 (0.48) 27.8 (0.47) 6.6 (0.25) 78.0 (0.44) 47.5 (0.52)
Sex                                        
Male 23.3 (0.60) 20.2 (0.56) 2.7 (0.21) 64.9 (0.68) 43.5 (0.65) 37.9 (0.67) 31.9 (0.68) 8.5 (0.37) 79.8 (0.58) 51.6 (0.69)
Female 15.4 (0.46) 12.0 (0.41) 1.6 (0.15) 56.0 (0.65) 35.5 (0.63) 29.9 (0.59) 23.7 (0.56) 4.7 (0.26) 76.3 (0.59) 43.3 (0.67)
                                         
Race/ethnicity                                        
White 21.6 (0.50) 18.2 (0.47) 2.7 (0.18) 67.7 (0.59) 45.1 (0.62) 37.9 (0.59) 31.5 (0.58) 8.3 (0.33) 83.9 (0.46) 53.2 (0.65)
Black 18.7 (0.90) 16.7 (0.88) 0.7 (0.19) 48.5 (1.27) 28.8 (1.13) 31.2 (1.09) 27.3 (1.05) 1.6 (0.30) 68.9 (1.12) 34.7 (1.17)
Hispanic 14.1 (0.87) 10.1 (0.74) 1.7 (0.30) 48.2 (1.28) 31.7 (1.28) 25.4 (1.14) 18.3 (1.05) 5.8 (0.63) 66.8 (1.31) 39.9 (1.31)
Asian 8.1 (1.10) 6.1 (0.94) 0.2 (0.18) 46.6 (2.56) 25.2 (2.23) 16.7 (1.74) 13.2 (1.56) 1.2 (0.47) 68.4 (2.31) 34.5 (2.39)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 2.4 (1.39) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 24.2 (5.04) 23.5 (5.14) (†) 55.8 (5.38) 49.7 (5.22) 46.6 (5.26) 39.5 (5.05) (†) (†) 55.6 (5.31)
Two or more races 30.7 (3.36) 26.8 (3.23) 4.0 (2.11) 68.6 (3.27) 44.3 (3.50) 48.0 (3.56) 38.8 (3.53) 9.6 (2.47) 86.2 (2.16) 55.9 (3.57)
                                         
Education                                        
Less than high school 21.6 (0.82) 17.9 (0.73) 2.6 (0.30) 48.4 (1.06) 49.4 (1.08) 35.3 (1.02) 28.4 (0.97) 7.0 (0.48) 67.8 (1.01) 55.0 (1.06)
High school graduate 19.4 (0.58) 16.0 (0.52) 1.9 (0.20) 55.9 (0.76) 40.9 (0.72) 33.6 (0.68) 27.5 (0.66) 6.6 (0.38) 75.2 (0.70) 48.6 (0.76)
Some college 20.0 (0.77) 17.0 (0.70) 2.3 (0.23) 66.2 (0.83) 36.2 (0.83) 35.6 (0.85) 29.7 (0.83) 7.2 (0.45) 83.0 (0.67) 45.5 (0.88)
College graduate 14.4 (0.95) 11.6 (0.91) 1.6 (0.35) 78.0 (1.06) 28.4 (1.17) 28.1 (1.13) 23.2 (1.09) 4.6 (0.56) 89.9 (0.74) 37.4 (1.22)
                                         
Employment status                                        
Full-time 18.1 (0.50) 15.0 (0.46) 2.0 (0.18) 66.3 (0.70) 43.0 (0.67) 32.2 (0.63) 26.3 (0.60) 6.3 (0.32) 82.1 (0.60) 50.3 (0.70)
Part-time 19.6 (0.69) 16.2 (0.70) 1.9 (0.23) 59.7 (0.92) 34.5 (0.83) 35.8 (0.87) 29.3 (0.86) 6.3 (0.43) 78.7 (0.75) 43.6 (0.90)
Unemployed 29.3 (1.45) 25.5 (1.38) 3.8 (0.55) 59.9 (1.45) 49.8 (1.49) 45.0 (1.53) 38.5 (1.50) 10.8 (0.96) 76.8 (1.29) 56.2 (1.47)
Other2 18.1 (0.89) 15.0 (0.81) 2.0 (0.31) 48.1 (1.12) 33.7 (1.06) 30.9 (1.03) 25.4 (1.01) 6.0 (0.55) 68.2 (1.02) 42.4 (1.10)
                                         
2009                                        
Total 21.2 (0.40) 18.1 (0.37) 1.4 (0.11) 61.8 (0.52) 35.8 (0.48) 36.0 (0.47) 30.6 (0.46) 5.3 (0.20) 78.8 (0.42) 45.2 (0.51)
Sex                                        
Male 25.9 (0.60) 22.7 (0.57) 1.7 (0.17) 65.9 (0.69) 40.4 (0.71) 41.1 (0.65) 35.5 (0.64) 6.5 (0.33) 80.8 (0.54) 50.2 (0.71)
Female 16.4 (0.47) 13.5 (0.43) 1.0 (0.12) 57.7 (0.66) 31.2 (0.57) 30.9 (0.63) 25.5 (0.60) 4.0 (0.25) 76.8 (0.58) 40.2 (0.62)
                                         
Race/ethnicity                                        
White 23.4 (0.54) 20.2 (0.51) 1.8 (0.16) 68.1 (0.60) 40.5 (0.60) 39.4 (0.64) 33.9 (0.61) 6.8 (0.30) 83.9 (0.48) 50.4 (0.63)
Black 20.5 (0.97) 18.6 (0.95) 0.5 (0.14) 51.2 (1.29) 27.0 (1.10) 33.6 (1.10) 29.9 (1.07) 1.2 (0.22) 69.6 (1.09) 33.0 (1.23)
Hispanic 16.3 (0.84) 12.5 (0.71) 1.1 (0.24) 52.5 (1.14) 29.9 (1.09) 30.1 (1.09) 23.4 (1.02) 4.3 (0.42) 71.7 (1.03) 41.4 (1.16)
Asian 9.4 (1.43) 7.8 (1.37) 0.2 (0.24) 49.9 (2.25) 21.6 (1.80) 18.2 (1.79) 14.2 (1.68) 1.5 (0.53) 69.3 (2.09) 28.2 (2.13)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 30.5 (3.78) 22.2 (2.78) 0.3 (0.30) 48.9 (5.02) 46.9 (5.04) 45.2 (4.41) 32.5 (3.42) 6.5 (2.00) 66.5 (4.93) 56.6 (4.61)
Two or more races. 30.9 (3.15) 29.2 (3.11) 1.6 (0.66) 67.9 (3.01) 40.9 (3.13) 45.1 (3.22) 40.0 (3.40) 5.3 (1.17) 81.4 (2.66) 47.1 (3.21)
                                         
Education                                        
Less than high school 23.7 (0.84) 20.1 (0.80) 1.5 (0.24) 46.4 (1.07) 46.4 (1.08) 36.9 (0.97) 31.0 (0.95) 5.9 (0.46) 67.0 (1.00) 54.1 (1.09)
High school graduate 20.8 (0.62) 17.5 (0.57) 1.0 (0.14) 56.4 (0.77) 40.1 (0.77) 36.0 (0.73) 29.9 (0.69) 4.7 (0.30) 75.0 (0.65) 48.5 (0.76)
Some college 21.8 (0.78) 18.9 (0.76) 1.7 (0.21) 68.4 (0.81) 30.3 (0.77) 36.9 (0.88) 31.8 (0.89) 5.7 (0.39) 84.3 (0.63) 41.3 (0.86)
College graduate 17.8 (1.07) 15.3 (0.99) 1.3 (0.27) 80.0 (1.03) 24.5 (1.08) 32.8 (1.36) 28.6 (1.29) 4.8 (0.56) 90.3 (0.76) 34.7 (1.20)
                                         
Employment status                                        
Full-time 19.5 (0.59) 16.3 (0.53) 1.4 (0.17) 69.1 (0.69) 38.7 (0.71) 33.5 (0.68) 27.5 (0.66) 5.4 (0.33) 84.6 (0.54) 47.6 (0.75)
Part-time 22.3 (0.74) 19.3 (0.71) 1.4 (0.21) 61.6 (0.95) 31.5 (0.82) 37.7 (0.83) 33.0 (0.82) 5.3 (0.37) 79.8 (0.78) 41.9 (0.89)
Unemployed 25.7 (1.04) 22.3 (1.00) 1.6 (0.26) 56.9 (1.22) 46.5 (1.21) 42.9 (1.20) 36.9 (1.17) 6.8 (0.55) 75.4 (1.00) 55.4 (1.21)
Other2 19.9 (0.79) 17.2 (0.77) 1.2 (0.23) 52.9 (1.13) 29.9 (0.92) 33.8 (0.97) 28.6 (0.95) 4.0 (0.42) 69.8 (0.97) 39.1 (0.99)
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases).
1 Includes other illegal drug use not shown separately.
2 Includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in labor force.
NOTE: Marijuana includes hashish usage. Standard errors appear in parentheses. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2009. Retrieved May 30, 2011, from http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/nsduh/reports.htm. (This table was prepared June 2011.)

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