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Table 277. Average benefit expenditure for full-time instructional faculty on 9-month contracts in degree-granting institutions, by type of benefit and control of institution: Selected years, 1977-78 through 2010-11
Control of institu-
tion and year
Average total benefit per full-time faculty member Average benefit expenditure per full-time faculty member receiving benefit
Retirement plans Medical/
dental plans
Guaranteed disability income protection Tuition plan for depen- dents Housing plan Social Security taxes Unemploy-
ment compensa-
tion taxes
Group life insur-
ance
Worker's compen-
sation taxes
Other insur-
ance
Other benefits
Total Vested within 5 years Vested after 5 years
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  Current dollars
Total                            
1977-78 $3,203 $1,725 $1,739 $1,691 $521 $96 $1,410 $886 $899 $109 $105 $80 $288
1982-83 5,799 2,731 2,741 2,703 1,111 151 1,993 1,639 1,712 146 138 114 915
1987-88 7,227 3,677 3,494 4,028 1,682 132 1,585 2,004 2,379 134 178 190 716
1989-90 8,241 4,048 3,974 4,192 2,339 147 2,070 2,643 2,764 121 182 49 637
1992-93 10,473 4,397 4,391 4,410 3,266 179 2,196 2,574 3,168 143 237 344 874
                             
1997-98 12,263 5,289 5,195 5,498 3,535 218 2,765 4,100 3,562 158 195 340 $1,501 1,043
1998-99 12,580 5,256 5,268 5,228 3,726 213 3,012 3,698 3,668 152 190 347 1,267 845
1999-2000 13,227 5,292 5,365 5,125 3,989 237 3,362 4,187 3,793 146 190 343 1,512 1,303
2001-02 14,408 5,541 5,738 5,126 4,792 250 3,487 4,931 4,079 164 231 402 668 1,267
2002-03 15,552 5,781 6,039 5,208 5,396 264 3,308 4,329 4,158 170 211 411 797 1,263
                             
2003-04 16,437 5,895 6,161 5,281 5,919 261 3,506 6,101 4,260 191 215 435 951 1,452
2004-05 17,269 6,211 6,429 5,682 6,314 272 4,072 4,176 4,354 225 199 481 853 1,637
2005-06 18,082 6,402 6,571 6,010 6,863 280 4,511 5,599 4,451 228 210 473 1,095 1,457
2006-07 18,783 6,710 6,851 6,361 7,217 280 5,029 6,914 4,627 176 217 484 1,226 1,564
2007-08 19,756 7,033 7,142 6,767 7,635 282 5,607 7,436 4,773 168 215 509 1,172 1,706
                             
2008-09 20,332 7,222 7,396 6,797 7,900 291 5,596 9,001 4,918 169 213 498 1,156 1,540
2009-10 20,978 7,292 7,472 6,846 8,389 276 6,016 8,729 4,993 180 211 499 1,155 1,561
2010-11 21,744 7,436 7,672 6,883 8,843 281 6,396 9,071 5,042 219 210 502 1,191 1,546
                             
Public                            
1977-78 3,252 1,791 1,833 1,724 560 99 430 846 911 99 105 88 94
1982-83 5,920 2,846 2,880 2,776 1,189 153 576 1,027 1,741 139 140 115 980
1987-88 7,146 3,815 3,602 4,086 1,757 140 404 1,172 2,399 109 180 192 611
1989-90 8,361 4,186 4,128 4,259 2,425 154 605 1,767 2,771 97 182 60 602
1992-93 10,280 4,467 4,469 4,464 3,352 188 693 1,135 3,122 117 250 318 827
                             
1997-98 12,114 5,432 5,302 5,617 3,646 219 830 2,614 3,482 133 187 340 1,643 1,175
1998-99 12,192 5,249 5,230 5,276 3,830 202 828 1,826 3,553 127 183 348 1,252 709
1999-2000 12,756 5,258 5,297 5,200 4,131 237 962 2,283 3,660 121 176 347 1,603 1,272
2001-02 13,919 5,437 5,641 5,158 4,936 254 994 686 3,930 137 233 402 694 1,162
2002-03 15,097 5,703 5,968 5,323 5,565 274 978 2,415 4,005 142 198 402 872 1,274
                             
2003-04 15,916 5,757 6,044 5,330 6,127 262 1,022 4,589 4,073 173 206 425 901 1,334
2004-05 16,769 6,104 6,321 5,760 6,498 274 1,280 3,655 4,161 202 189 479 866 1,725
2005-06 17,594 6,308 6,458 6,078 7,126 279 1,483 4,418 4,237 210 202 446 1,209 1,299
2006-07 18,299 6,620 6,743 6,419 7,446 281 1,609 393 4,409 149 202 494 1,303 1,523
2007-08 19,245 6,994 7,071 6,872 7,858 289 1,815 3,382 4,542 136 197 520 1,209 1,516
                             
2008-09 19,778 7,156 7,292 6,941 8,079 291 1,876 4,635 4,657 138 194 511 1,245 1,475
2009-10 20,435 7,237 7,387 6,998 8,613 276 1,972 4,276 4,717 148 189 509 1,269 1,543
2010-11 21,234 7,360 7,616 6,977 9,053 269 2,317 4,802 4,750 196 192 514 1,253 1,322
                             
Private                            
1977-78 3,071 1,509 1,542 905 404 89 2,025 890 873 131 103 60 838
1982-83 5,462 2,340 2,404 1,295 886 146 3,403 1,798 1,648 170 134 113 212
1987-88 7,438 3,280 3,306 2,906 1,488 120 3,666 2,303 2,337 197 175 184 977
1989-90 7,954 3,657 3,718 2,478 2,112 134 4,259 3,032 2,750 188 182 25 712
1992-93 10,958 4,206 4,259 2,877 3,039 163 4,523 2,956 3,267 212 207 402 957
                             
1997-98 12,629 4,915 5,023 2,531 3,255 216 5,513 4,228 3,735 222 209 339 1,207 897
1998-99 13,519 5,274 5,327 3,879 3,468 231 6,722 3,936 3,915 219 205 345 1,313 1,020
1999-2000 14,366 5,380 5,471 3,354 3,638 237 6,951 4,349 4,074 213 215 335 1,331 1,342
2001-02 15,644 5,818 5,897 4,518 4,416 245 7,159 5,083 4,414 242 225 403 628 1,450
2002-03 16,660 5,981 6,153 2,983 4,964 249 6,943 4,348 4,490 247 236 429 629 1,248
                             
2003-04 17,687 6,245 6,346 4,225 5,395 259 7,481 6,104 4,667 239 231 457 1,057 1,584
2004-05 18,465 6,483 6,603 4,092 5,849 269 7,600 4,455 4,775 284 217 484 821 1,527
2005-06 19,258 6,637 6,756 5,037 6,195 281 8,594 6,001 4,914 275 223 528 860 1,658
2006-07 19,942 6,935 7,027 5,382 6,632 278 9,610 7,750 5,097 248 246 465 1,049 1,619
2007-08 20,984 7,131 7,257 4,843 7,062 272 10,368 7,474 5,275 253 248 487 1,098 1,944
                             
2008-09 21,656 7,385 7,564 4,195 7,442 292 9,941 9,017 5,489 251 251 472 985 1,628
2009-10 22,258 7,426 7,608 3,951 7,824 275 10,805 8,750 5,590 265 250 479 919 1,580
2010-11 22,927 7,626 7,761 4,797 8,323 299 11,330 9,091 5,664 281 244 479 1,059 1,819
  Constant 2009-10 dollars1 
Total                            
1977-78 11,084 5,968 6,019 5,853 1,802 332 4,879 3,068 3,112 376 362 276 995
1982-83 12,805 6,030 6,052 5,969 2,454 332 4,401 3,619 3,780 323 306 253 2,020
1987-88 13,521 6,879 6,537 7,536 3,147 248 2,965 3,750 4,451 251 333 355 1,339
1989-90 14,067 6,910 6,783 7,156 3,992 250 3,534 4,512 4,718 207 311 84 1,087
1992-93 15,925 6,687 6,678 6,707 4,967 272 3,340 3,914 4,817 217 360 523 1,330
                             
1997-98 16,433 7,087 6,961 7,367 4,737 292 3,706 5,494 4,774 211 261 456 2,011 1,397
1998-99 16,570 6,923 6,939 6,886 4,907 281 3,968 4,871 4,831 200 251 457 1,669 1,114
1999-2000 16,933 6,775 6,868 6,561 5,106 303 4,304 5,360 4,857 187 243 440 1,936 1,668
2001-02 17,524 6,739 6,980 6,235 5,828 304 4,242 5,998 4,961 200 281 489 812 1,541
2002-03 18,509 6,881 7,188 6,198 6,423 314 3,937 5,152 4,949 202 251 489 948 1,503
                             
2003-04 19,144 6,865 7,175 6,150 6,894 304 4,084 7,106 4,962 222 250 507 1,107 1,691
2004-05 19,525 7,023 7,269 6,425 7,138 308 4,604 4,722 4,923 254 225 543 964 1,851
2005-06 19,695 6,973 7,157 6,546 7,475 305 4,913 6,098 4,847 249 228 515 1,192 1,587
2006-07 19,942 7,124 7,273 6,753 7,662 297 5,340 7,340 4,912 187 230 514 1,302 1,660
2007-08 20,226 7,200 7,312 6,928 7,817 289 5,740 7,612 4,886 172 220 521 1,200 1,747
                             
2008-09 20,528 7,292 7,467 6,863 7,976 294 5,650 9,088 4,966 170 215 503 1,167 1,554
2009-10 20,978 7,292 7,472 6,846 8,389 276 6,016 8,729 4,993 180 211 499 1,155 1,561
2010-11 21,316 7,290 7,521 6,747 8,669 276 6,270 8,893 4,943 215 206 492 1,168 1,515
                             
Public                            
1977-78 11,253 6,197 6,342 5,965 1,939 344 1,488 2,929 3,153 343 364 305 324
1982-83 13,073 6,285 6,360 6,130 2,625 338 1,272 2,268 3,845 306 309 254 2,165
1987-88 13,370 7,137 6,740 7,645 3,288 263 757 2,193 4,488 204 336 360 1,144
1989-90 14,272 7,145 7,046 7,270 4,139 264 1,033 3,015 4,729 165 311 102 1,027
1992-93 15,633 6,793 6,796 6,788 5,098 285 1,054 1,726 4,747 177 381 484 1,258
                             
1997-98 16,233 7,279 7,105 7,527 4,885 294 1,112 3,503 4,666 179 251 456 2,201 1,575
1998-99 16,060 6,913 6,889 6,949 5,045 265 1,091 2,405 4,679 167 241 459 1,649 934
1999-2000 16,331 6,731 6,781 6,657 5,289 303 1,231 2,922 4,686 155 226 445 2,052 1,629
2001-02 16,929 6,613 6,861 6,274 6,004 309 1,209 835 4,780 167 284 489 844 1,413
2002-03 17,968 6,788 7,103 6,335 6,623 327 1,164 2,874 4,767 169 236 478 1,038 1,516
                             
2003-04 18,536 6,705 7,040 6,207 7,135 306 1,190 5,344 4,744 201 240 495 1,050 1,554
2004-05 18,960 6,901 7,147 6,513 7,347 310 1,447 4,132 4,705 229 214 542 979 1,951
2005-06 19,162 6,870 7,033 6,620 7,762 304 1,615 4,812 4,615 229 220 486 1,317 1,415
2006-07 19,428 7,028 7,159 6,815 7,906 299 1,709 418 4,681 159 214 525 1,383 1,617
2007-08 19,702 7,160 7,239 7,035 8,045 296 1,858 3,463 4,649 139 202 532 1,238 1,552
                             
2008-09 19,969 7,226 7,362 7,008 8,157 293 1,894 4,680 4,702 140 196 516 1,257 1,489
2009-10 20,435 7,237 7,387 6,998 8,613 276 1,972 4,276 4,717 148 189 509 1,269 1,543
2010-11 20,816 7,215 7,466 6,840 8,874 264 2,271 4,707 4,657 192 188 504 1,228 1,296
                             
Private                            
1977-78 10,629 5,221 5,335 3,133 1,399 308 7,009 3,078 3,019 452 358 208 2,899
1982-83 12,061 5,168 5,308 2,861 1,957 322 7,514 3,970 3,639 375 297 249 469
1987-88 13,916 6,137 6,186 5,437 2,784 224 6,859 4,310 4,373 369 327 344 1,828
1989-90 13,578 6,243 6,346 4,229 3,605 228 7,269 5,175 4,695 322 311 42 1,216
1992-93 16,664 6,396 6,477 4,376 4,622 248 6,878 4,495 4,968 322 315 611 1,455
                             
1997-98 16,922 6,587 6,731 3,391 4,361 290 7,387 5,666 5,006 298 280 455 1,617 1,202
1998-99 17,807 6,948 7,017 5,109 4,568 304 8,854 5,184 5,156 289 270 454 1,729 1,344
1999-2000 18,392 6,887 7,004 4,294 4,657 304 8,898 5,568 5,216 273 276 429 1,704 1,718
2001-02 19,027 7,076 7,173 5,495 5,371 297 8,708 6,183 5,369 294 274 490 763 1,764
2002-03 19,828 7,118 7,323 3,551 5,908 296 8,264 5,175 5,344 293 281 511 749 1,485
                             
2003-04 20,599 7,273 7,390 4,921 6,283 302 8,713 7,110 5,436 278 269 532 1,231 1,845
2004-05 20,877 7,330 7,466 4,627 6,614 304 8,593 5,037 5,399 321 245 547 929 1,726
2005-06 20,975 7,229 7,358 5,486 6,747 307 9,360 6,536 5,352 300 243 575 937 1,806
2006-07 21,173 7,362 7,461 5,714 7,042 295 10,204 8,228 5,411 263 261 493 1,114 1,719
2007-08 21,483 7,300 7,430 4,958 7,230 279 10,615 7,652 5,401 259 254 499 1,124 1,991
                             
2008-09 21,865 7,456 7,637 4,235 7,514 295 10,037 9,105 5,542 253 253 477 995 1,644
2009-10 22,258 7,426 7,608 3,951 7,824 275 10,805 8,750 5,590 265 250 479 919 1,580
2010-11 22,476 7,476 7,608 4,703 8,159 293 11,107 8,912 5,553 276 239 469 1,039 1,783
—Not available.                            
1 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to an academic-year basis.
NOTE: Data through 1992-93 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Appendix A: Guide to Sources for details.)
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Faculty Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits" surveys, 1977-78 and 1982-83; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits of Full-Time Instructional Faculty Survey" (IPEDS-SA:87-99); and IPEDS Winter 2001-02 through Winter 2010-11, Human Resources component, Salaries section. (This table was prepared February 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education