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Table 175. Age range for compulsory school attendance and special education services, and policies on year-round schools and kindergarten programs, by state: Selected years, 2000 through 2011
State Compulsory attendance Compulsory
special education services, 20041
Year-round schools, 2008 Kindergarten programs, 2011
2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2009 2010 Has policy on year-round schools Has districts with
year-round schools
School districts required to offer Atten-dance required
Program Full-day program
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Alabama 7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16 2  7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 17   6 to 21       Yes   X   X      
Alaska 7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16 2  7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   3 to 22       Yes              
Arizona 6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  3 to 21       X          
Arkansas 5 to 17 2,3  5 to 17 2,3  5 to 17 2,3  5 to 17 2,3  5 to 17 2,3  5 to 17 2,3  5 to 17 2,3  5 to 21   X   Yes   X   X   X  
California 6 to 18 2  6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   Birth to 21 4  X   Yes   X          
                                                     
Colorado     7 to 16   7 to 16   6 to 17   6 to 17   6 to 17   3 to 21       Yes   X          
Connecticut 7 to 16   7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  5 to 18 3  5 to 18 3  5 to 18 3  5 to 18 3  3 to 21         X       X  
Delaware 5 to 16   5 to 16   5 to 16 2  5 to 16   5 to 16   5 to 16   5 to 16   Birth to 20       Yes   X   X   X  
District of
   Columbia
  5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18         X       X  
Florida 6 to 16 5  6 to 16 5  6 to 16 5  6 to 16 5  6 to 16 5  6 to 16 5  6 to 16 5  3 to 21   X   Yes   X          
                                                     
Georgia 6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   Birth to 21 6      Yes   X   X      
Hawaii 6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   Birth to 19       (7)   X          
Idaho 7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   3 to 21       Yes              
Illinois 7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 17   7 to 17   7 to 17   7 to 17   7 to 17   3 to 21   X   Yes   X          
Indiana 7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  3 to 22       Yes   X          
                                                     
Iowa 6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   Birth to 21   X   Yes   X          
Kansas 7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  3 to 21 8        X          
Kentucky 6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16 2  6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   Birth to 21       Yes   X          
Louisiana 7 to 17   7 to 17   7 to 17 2  7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  3 to 21 9      Yes   X   X   X  
Maine 7 to 17   7 to 17   7 to 17 2  7 to 17 2  7 to 17 2  7 to 17 2  7 to 17 2  5 to 19 9,10        X          
                                                     
Maryland 5 to 16   5 to 16   5 to 16   5 to 16   5 to 16   5 to 16 3  5 to 16 3  Birth to 21   X     X   X   X  
Massachusetts 6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  3 to 21 6  (11)     X          
Michigan 6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 18   Birth to 25   X   Yes              
Minnesota 7 to 18 2  7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  Birth to 21   X   Yes   X          
Mississippi 6 to 17   6 to 17   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 17   6 to 17   6 to 17   Birth to 20         X   X      
                                                     
Missouri 7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 17   Birth to 20       Yes 12  X          
Montana 7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  3 to 18 9        X          
Nebraska 7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   Birth to 20       Yes   X          
Nevada 7 to 17   7 to 17   7 to 17   7 to 17   7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  7 to 18 2  Birth to 21 4      Yes   X       X  
New Hampshire 6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 18   3 to 21                    
                                                     
New Jersey 6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   5 to 21                    
New Mexico 5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18 2  5 to 18 2  5 to 18 2  5 to 18 2  5 to 18 2  3 to 21   X   Yes   X       X  
New York 6 to 16 2  6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16 13  6 to 16 13  6 to 16 13  6 to 16 13  Birth to 20                    
North Carolina 7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   5 to 20   X   Yes   X   X      
North Dakota 7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   7 to 16   3 to 21       No              
                                                     
Ohio 6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   3 to 21   X     X   X 14  X  
Oklahoma 5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18   Birth to 21 9      Yes   X   (15)   X  
Oregon 7 to 18   7 to 18   7 to 18 2  7 to 18   7 to 18   7 to 18   7 to 18   3 to 20       Yes   X          
Pennsylvania 8 to 17   8 to 17   8 to 17 2  8 to 17 2  8 to 17 2  8 to 17 2  8 to 17 2  6 to 21   X 12  12             
Rhode Island 6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   3 to 21         X       X  
                                                     
South Carolina 5 to 16   5 to 16   5 to 16   5 to 17 3  5 to 17 3  5 to 17 3  5 to 17 3  3 to 21 16        X   X 17  X  
South Dakota 6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16 2,18  6 to 18 2,18  Birth to 21   X     X       X  
Tennessee 6 to 17   6 to 17   6 to 17   6 to 17 3  6 to 17 3  6 to 17 3  6 to 17 3  3 to 21 4  X   Yes   X       X  
Texas 6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   3 to 21   X   Yes   X          
Utah 6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   3 to 22       Yes   X          
                                                     
Vermont 7 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  3 to 21       12  X          
Virginia 5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18   5 to 18 2  5 to 18 2  5 to 18 2,3  5 to 18 2,3  2 to 21   X   Yes   X       X  
Washington 8 to 17 2  8 to 17 2  8 to 16 2  8 to 18   8 to 18   8 to 18   8 to 18   3 to 21 16      Yes   X          
West Virginia 6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 16   6 to 17   5 to 21 19  X   Yes   X   X   X  
Wisconsin 6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   6 to 18   3 to 21       Yes   X          
Wyoming 6 to 16 2  6 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  7 to 16 2  3 to 21         X          
—Not available.
X Denotes that the state has a policyA blank denotes that the state does not have a policy.
1 Most states have a provision whereby education is provided up to a certain age or completion of secondary school, whichever comes first.
2 Child may be exempted from compulsory attendance if he/she meets state requirements for early withdrawal with or without meeting conditions for a diploma or equivalency.
3 Parent/guardian may delay child's entry until a later age per state law/regulation.
4 Student may continue in the program if 22nd birthday falls before the end of the school year.
5 Attendance is compulsory until age 18 for Manatee County students, unless they earn a high school diploma prior to reaching their 18th birthday.
6 Through age 21 or until child graduates with a high school or special education diploma or equivalent.
7 Some districts operate on a multitrack system; the schools are open year-round, but different cohorts start and end at different times.
8 To be determined by rules and regulations adopted by the state board.
9 Children from birth through age 2 are eligible for additional services.
10 Must be age 5 before October 15, and not age 20 before start of school year.
11 Policies about year-round schools are decided locally.
12 State did not participate in 2008 online surveyData are from 2006.
13 New York City and Buffalo require school attendance until age 17 unless employed; Syracuse requires kindergarten attendance at age 5.
14 State requires districts with full-day programs to allow half-day attendance.
15 Beginning in 2011–12, it will be mandatory for all districts in Oklahoma to offer full-day kindergarten.
16 Student may complete school year if 21st birthday occurs while attending school.
17 Parents may request either a full-day or a half-day programFor students enrolled in half-day programs, child care must be provided for the remainder of the school day.
18 Compulsory attendance beginning at age 5 effective July 1, 2010.
19 Severely handicapped children may begin receiving services at age 3.
NOTE: The Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA) Amendments of 1986 make it mandatory for all states receiving EHA funds to serve all 3- to 18-year-old disabled children.
SOURCE: Council of Chief State School Officers, Key State Education Policies on PK–12 Education, 2000, 2002, 2004, and 2008; Education Commission of the States (ECS), ECS StateNotes, Compulsory School Age Requirements, retrieved August 9, 2010, from http://www.ecs.org/clearinghouse/86/62/8662.pdf; ECS StateNotes, Special Education: State Special Education Definitions, Ages Served, retrieved August 9, 2010, from http://www.ecs.org/clearinghouse/52/29/5229.pdf; ECS StateNotes, State Characteristics: Kindergarten, retrieved August 24, 2011, from http://www.ecs.org/clearinghouse/90/71/9071.pdf; ESC StateNotes, District Offering of Full-Day Kindergarten, retrieved August 24, 2011, from http://ecs.force.com/ecsforum/mbtab2?rep=KD33&SID=a0i70000000XkGj&Q=Q2207&Q1=Q2208; and supplemental information retrieved from various state websites. (This table was prepared September 2011.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education