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Table 165. Percentage of high school seniors who participate in various school-sponsored extracurricular activities, by selected student characteristics: 1992 and 2004
Selected student characteristic Academic clubs Sports Cheerleading and drill team2 Hobby clubs (photography, chess, etc.) Music (band, orchestra, chorus, or choir) Vocational clubs (Future Farmers of America, SkillsUSA, etc.)
Any sport Inter-scholastic1 Intra-mural1
1992 2004 1992 2004 2004 2004 1992 1992 2004 1992 2004 1992 2004
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
All seniors 25.0 (0.58) 21.3 (0.49) 42.7 (0.67) 44.4 (0.56) 38.8 (0.56) 19.2 (0.47) 7.6 (0.34) 7.7 (0.32) 11.7 (0.38) 19.8 (0.51) 21.0 (0.55) 17.6 (0.58) 15.6 (0.55)
Sex                                                    
Male 22.7 (0.80) 17.8 (0.58) 55.5 (0.92) 50.6 (0.80) 44.5 (0.79) 24.2 (0.71) 2.0 (0.24) 8.1 (0.44) 11.9 (0.51) 15.1 (0.62) 16.3 (0.66) 14.7 (0.68) 14.8 (0.68)
Female 27.1 (0.76) 24.7 (0.73) 30.1 (0.80) 38.2 (0.76) 33.2 (0.74) 14.3 (0.57) 13.0 (0.60) 7.4 (0.44) 11.6 (0.48) 24.3 (0.75) 25.5 (0.73) 20.4 (0.75) 16.3 (0.69)
                                                     
Race/ethnicity                                                    
White 24.3 (4.66) 22.6 (0.62) 41.4 (5.81) 46.9 (0.70) 42.1 (0.69) 18.8 (0.58) 13.3 (4.87) 10.1 (5.01) 11.4 (0.51) 15.4 (3.65) 22.0 (0.68) 12.2 (2.98) 16.8 (0.74)
Black 21.2 (1.64) 16.5 (0.90) 41.6 (2.29) 45.4 (1.21) 37.5 (1.15) 24.4 (1.05) 10.0 (1.73) 6.9 (0.94) 9.1 (0.75) 24.6 (1.57) 24.0 (1.21) 23.1 (1.82) 17.5 (1.17)
Hispanic 26.1 (0.72) 18.3 (1.15) 44.0 (0.79) 35.3 (1.25) 29.5 (1.25) 16.9 (1.02) 7.6 (0.35) 7.4 (0.37) 11.8 (0.87) 20.0 (0.62) 14.3 (0.97) 17.8 (0.71) 11.8 (1.04)
Asian/Pacific Islander 22.0 (1.55) 34.7 (1.90) 36.2 (1.84) 40.6 (1.81) 33.4 (1.71) 18.0 (1.48) 7.6 (1.16) 8.1 (1.05) 20.3 (1.50) 19.1 (1.68) 19.0 (1.57) 17.6 (1.59) 9.2 (0.78)
American Indian/
     Alaska Native
31.9 (2.31) 19.7 (2.88) 43.9 (2.25) 45.8 (1.42) 40.8 (2.29) 20.7 (0.34) 5.3 (0.97) 11.2 (1.51) 6.3 (0.37) 18.6 (2.01) 15.9 (2.10) 10.4 (1.53) 22.6 (2.23)
                                                     
Test performance quartile3                                                    
Lowest test quartile 17.0 (1.40) 13.4 (0.74) 40.5 (1.46) 34.5 (1.09) 28.0 (1.02) 20.4 (1.00) 7.6 (0.70) 7.9 (0.64) 8.4 (0.63) 18.7 (1.06) 17.7 (0.90) 25.0 (1.38) 17.8 (0.94)
Second test quartile 20.6 (1.10) 16.1 (0.86) 37.5 (1.22) 42.4 (1.06) 36.1 (1.04) 21.3 (0.85) 7.0 (0.86) 7.0 (0.66) 9.7 (0.63) 17.2 (0.88) 17.7 (0.86) 23.2 (1.19) 17.9 (0.92)
Third test quartile 24.1 (1.02) 20.9 (0.86) 44.0 (1.14) 46.5 (1.05) 41.3 (1.04) 19.2 (0.76) 8.3 (0.62) 7.1 (0.58) 11.2 (0.65) 19.7 (0.94) 20.6 (0.90) 16.6 (0.81) 15.5 (0.82)
Highest test quartile 36.1 (1.10) 31.8 (0.91) 48.3 (1.17) 52.7 (0.98) 48.0 (0.96) 17.1 (0.82) 7.8 (0.54) 8.7 (0.59) 16.7 (0.78) 24.1 (0.94) 26.3 (0.92) 11.9 (0.78) 12.5 (0.75)
                                                     
Socioeconomic status4                                                    
Low 18.3 (0.94) 16.4 (0.89) 32.3 (1.23) 33.1 (1.05) 26.4 (1.01) 16.5 (0.79) 6.7 (0.96) 6.6 (0.62) 8.0 (0.61) 17.6 (0.96) 16.6 (0.75) 24.4 (1.25) 17.3 (0.94)
Middle 24.1 (0.78) 19.6 (0.65) 41.3 (0.84) 43.7 (0.77) 38.5 (0.75) 19.6 (0.62) 8.0 (0.43) 7.0 (0.41) 11.2 (0.48) 19.6 (0.71) 20.7 (0.68) 19.6 (0.79) 16.8 (0.71)
High 30.9 (1.12) 28.3 (0.89) 52.2 (1.21) 54.6 (0.95) 49.3 (0.99) 20.7 (0.86) 7.8 (0.53) 9.3 (0.59) 15.7 (0.77) 22.0 (0.96) 24.9 (0.98) 9.9 (0.59) 12.1 (0.70)
                                                     
Region                                                    
Northeast 23.3 (1.06) 21.1 (0.93) 48.0 (1.41) 47.6 (1.27) 41.8 (1.42) 21.7 (1.19) 6.9 (0.67) 9.2 (0.79) 14.0 (0.99) 20.8 (1.07) 20.4 (1.19) 8.4 (0.91) 9.9 (1.03)
Midwest 25.2 (1.17) 20.1 (1.00) 45.6 (1.29) 48.3 (1.13) 41.9 (1.06) 20.9 (1.02) 8.3 (0.61) 6.5 (0.54) 9.8 (0.78) 23.8 (1.07) 25.6 (1.22) 18.0 (1.30) 16.3 (1.40)
South 28.4 (1.14) 23.5 (0.83) 38.6 (1.17) 42.1 (0.93) 36.7 (0.90) 17.6 (0.74) 8.4 (0.70) 6.8 (0.60) 10.5 (0.55) 17.8 (0.82) 20.1 (0.86) 27.4 (1.14) 21.4 (0.94)
West 21.3 (1.08) 19.5 (1.17) 40.7 (1.41) 40.9 (1.22) 36.2 (1.19) 17.7 (0.97) 6.3 (0.62) 9.4 (0.72) 13.9 (0.92) 17.6 (1.12) 17.6 (1.19) 10.2 (0.84) 10.8 (0.94)
                                                     
Senior's school sector                                                    
Public 24.9 (0.61) 20.5 (0.52) 41.4 (0.69) 42.9 (0.60) 37.5 (0.59) 18.5 (0.49) 7.7 (0.36) 7.4 (0.33) 11.1 (0.41) 19.8 (0.53) 20.6 (0.58) 19.0 (0.62) 16.6 (0.60)
Catholic 27.7 (2.50) 29.5 (1.61) 54.5 (2.98) 60.8 (1.64) 53.1 (1.46) 28.1 (1.96) 7.8 (1.39) 10.4 (1.60) 18.8 (1.22) 14.2 (1.96) 19.2 (1.53) 2.7 (0.61) 4.2 (0.66)
Other private 21.6 (2.80) 29.3 (2.40) 58.3 (3.06) 60.5 (2.72) 51.7 (2.98) 25.8 (2.82) 5.7 (1.49) 11.4 (2.32) 18.1 (1.76) 29.9 (2.67) 31.6 (3.51) 2.2 (0.76) 4.0 (0.81)
1 Interscholastic refers to competition between teams from different schools. Intramural refers to competition between teams or students within the same school. Data on these categories are available only for 2004.
2 These data were not collected in 2004.
3 Composite test performance quartile on mathematics, reading, science, and social studies in 1990 (for 1992 seniors) and composite test performance quartile on mathematics, reading, and science in 2002 (for 2004 seniors).
4 Socioeconomic status (SES) was measured by a composite score on parental education and occupations, and family income.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88/92), "Second Follow-up, 1992"; and Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002/04), "First Follow-up, 2004." (This table was prepared December 2009.)
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