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Table 101. Number and enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools, by school type, level, and charter and magnet status: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2009-10
School type, level, and
charter and magnet status
Number of schools Enrollment
1990-91 1995-96 2000-01 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 1990-91 1995-96 2000-01 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Total, all schools 84,538 87,125 93,273 97,382 98,793 98,916 98,706 98,817 41,141,366 44,681,987 47,060,714 48,912,085 49,065,594 48,910,025 49,053,786 49,136,240
                                 
School type                                
Regular 80,395 80,971 85,422 87,585 88,273 88,274 88,801 89,018 40,599,943 43,885,130 46,194,730 47,957,375 48,098,781 47,962,492 48,168,727 48,238,807
Special education 1,932 1,992 2,008 2,128 2,325 2,267 2,289 2,089 209,145 209,653 174,577 222,497 221,728 207,030 164,874 193,212
Vocational 1,060 919 1,025 1,221 1,289 1,409 1,409 1,417 198,117 169,455 199,669 217,621 204,101 163,003 156,390 129,840
Alternative1 1,151 3,243 4,818 6,448 6,906 6,966 6,207 6,293 134,161 417,749 491,738 514,592 540,984 577,500 563,795 574,381
                                 
School level and type                                
Elementary2 59,015 61,165 64,601 66,026 66,458 67,112 67,148 67,140 26,503,677 29,119,541 30,673,453 31,104,018 31,273,476 31,225,474 31,446,040 31,550,539
Regular 58,440 60,318 63,674 64,996 65,232 65,721 65,999 65,947 26,400,740 28,998,350 30,582,610 31,003,942 31,151,419 31,093,502 31,325,566 31,415,620
Special education 419 484 496 508 545 583 538 520 58,204 58,958 42,127 49,652 63,253 63,371 49,661 56,959
Vocational 31 9 8 8 10 7 1 24 17,686 3,782 2,409 1,713 2,719 1,634 16 1,892
Alternative1 125 354 423 514 671 801 610 649 27,047 58,451 46,307 48,711 56,085 66,967 70,797 76,068
                                 
Secondary3 21,135 20,997 21,994 23,998 23,920 24,643 24,348 24,651 13,569,787 14,342,507 15,038,171 16,219,309 16,068,448 16,184,724 16,055,123 15,980,980
Regular 19,459 18,090 18,456 19,252 19,152 19,371 19,349 19,604 13,313,097 13,940,501 14,567,969 15,685,032 15,549,702 15,680,507 15,568,281 15,503,211
Special education 165 234 219 368 365 375 325 354 11,913 17,810 12,607 42,696 39,232 30,680 24,266 30,443
Vocational 1,010 890 997 1,185 1,213 1,356 1,326 1,343 174,105 160,965 193,981 209,762 198,071 159,270 154,522 126,827
Alternative1 501 1,783 2,322 3,193 3,190 3,541 3,348 3,350 70,672 223,231 263,614 281,819 281,443 314,267 308,054 320,499
                                 
Combined elementary/secondary4 2,325 2,796 5,096 5,707 5,984 5,899 5,623 5,730 925,887 1,121,512 1,266,778 1,526,186 1,672,583 1,472,248 1,520,246 1,544,325
Regular 1,784 1,851 2,780 3,121 3,058 2,786 2,793 3,028 855,814 938,496 1,007,368 1,263,952 1,393,546 1,187,281 1,253,785 1,289,207
Special education 376 411 715 735 850 904 938 847 43,992 65,074 86,253 91,966 87,018 88,000 80,245 76,914
Vocational 19 20 20 28 66 46 82 50 6,326 4,708 3,279 6,146 3,311 2,099 1,852 1,121
Alternative1 146 514 1,581 1,823 2,010 2,163 1,810 1,805 19,755 113,234 169,878 164,122 188,708 194,868 184,364 177,083
                                 
Other (not classified by
     grade span)
2,063 2,167 1,582 1,651 2,431 1,262 1,587 1,296 142,015 98,427 82,312 62,572 51,087 27,579 32,377 60,396
Regular 712 712 512 216 831 396 660 439 30,292 7,783 36,783 4,449 4,114 1,202 21,095 30,769
Special education 972 863 578 517 565 405 488 368 95,036 67,811 33,590 38,183 32,225 24,979 10,702 28,896
Vocational 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alternative1 379 592 492 918 1,035 461 439 489 16,687 22,833 11,939 19,940 14,748 1,398 580 731
                                 
Charter status and level                                
All charter schools5 1,993 3,780 4,132 4,388 4,694 4,952 448,343 1,012,906 1,157,359 1,276,731 1,433,116 1,611,332
Elementary2 1,011 1,969 2,150 2,340 2,513 2,679 249,101 532,217 611,095 674,990 746,950 824,297
Secondary3 467 1,057 1,110 1,218 1,255 1,329 79,588 219,627 235,912 264,402 291,016 328,336
Combined elementary/
      secondary4
448 704 762 803 865 929 117,377 259,837 309,480 337,195 395,122 458,075
Other (not classified by
      grade span)
67 50 110 27 61 15 2,277 1,225 872 144 28 624
                                 
Magnet status and level                                
All magnet schools5 1,469 2,736 2,266 2,793 3,021 2,213 1,213,976 2,103,013 1,592,614 2,132,395 2,307,712 1,516,392
Elementary2 1,111 1,994 1,666 2,015 2,193 1,530 704,763 1,186,160 904,536 1,157,470 1,267,944 799,841
Secondary3 328 643 510 688 728 582 484,684 869,010 618,349 926,314 976,483 668,832
Combined elementary/
      secondary4
29 80 81 83 92 79 24,529 47,509 69,476 48,593 63,285 47,002
Other (not classified by
      grade span)
1 19 9 7 8 22 0 334 253 18 0 717
—Not available.
1 Includes schools that provide nontraditional education, address needs of students that typically cannot be met in regular schools, serve as adjuncts to regular schools, or fall outside the categories of regular, special education, or vocational education.
2 Includes schools beginning with grade 6 or below and with no grade higher than 8.
3 Includes schools with no grade lower than 7.
4 Includes schools beginning with grade 6 or below and ending with grade 9 or above.
5 Magnet and charter schools are also included under regular, special education, vocational, or alternative schools as appropriate.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 1990-91 through 2009-10. (This table was prepared May 2011.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education