Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Table 73. Highest degree earned and years of full-time teaching experience for teachers in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected teacher characteristics: 1999-2000, 2003-04, and 2007-08
Selected characteristic Number of teachers (in thousands) Percent of teachers, by highest degree earned, 2007-08 Percent of teachers, by years of full-time teaching experience, 2007-08
1999-2000 2003-04 2007-08 Less than bachelor's Bachelor's Master's Education specialist1 Doctor's Less than 3 3 to 9 10 to 20 Over 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Public schools                                                  
Total 3,002 (19.4)   3,251 (29.2) 3,405 (44.0) 0.8 (0.06) 47.4 (0.59) 44.5 (0.55) 6.4 (0.25) 0.9 (0.08) 13.4 (0.59) 33.6 (0.52) 29.3 (0.55) 23.7 (0.60)
Sex                                                  
Males 754 (10.7)   813 (13.3) 821 (20.4) 2.0 (0.17) 47.0 (1.05) 43.9 (1.04) 5.5 (0.40) 1.6 (0.22) 13.6 (0.87) 33.2 (0.85) 28.5 (0.90) 24.7 (0.88)
Females 2,248 (16.0)   2,438 (23.5) 2,584 (34.6) 0.4 (0.05) 47.5 (0.65) 44.8 (0.63) 6.7 (0.29) 0.7 (0.08) 13.4 (0.57) 33.7 (0.59) 29.5 (0.62) 23.4 (0.68)
                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                  
White 2,532 (17.2) 2  2,702 (30.1) 2,829 (38.7) 0.7 (0.05) 46.8 (0.66) 45.7 (0.64) 6.0 (0.23) 0.8 (0.09) 13.0 (0.61) 32.6 (0.55) 29.7 (0.55) 24.8 (0.64)
Black 228 (6.0) 2  257 (11.0) 239 (15.8) 1.0 (0.22) 47.0 (2.04) 41.4 (2.12) 8.7 (1.02) 2.0 (0.45) 13.1 (1.32) 38.0 (1.90) 27.0 (1.88) 22.0 (1.85)
Hispanic 169 (6.4) 2  202 (11.3) 240 (16.6) 0.9 (0.27) 56.3 (2.60) 34.1 (2.42) 7.7 (1.38) 1.1 (0.34) 18.0 (1.82) 39.0 (2.78) 28.3 (2.42) 14.7 (1.80)
Asian 48 (2.7) 3  42 (2.5) 42 (7.2) 3.3 (2.12) 37.7 (5.05) 47.1 (4.62) 10.5 (2.19) 1.5 (0.71) 16.2 (3.46) 41.8 (4.79) 25.6 (3.72) 16.4 (3.13)
Pacific Islander (†)   6 (0.8) 6 (1.3) (†) 51.7 (9.88) 39.1 (9.95) 5.9 (4.50) 2.3 (3.35) 15.3 (6.70) 48.3 (11.55) 19.9 (9.22) 16.5 (7.21)
American Indian/
     Alaska Native
26 (1.9) 2  17 (1.2) 17 (1.9) 1.8 (0.73) 56.2 (4.63) 34.1 (4.41) 4.7 (1.76) 3.2 (3.97) 11.8 (2.86) 29.7 (5.11) 33.6 (4.66) 24.9 (4.29)
Two or more races (†)   24 (2.2) 31 (2.9) 0.6 (0.37) 37.1 (4.67) 52.7 (4.73) 8.9 (2.51) 0.7 (0.56) 21.0 (3.95) 36.6 (4.16) 20.0 (4.00) 22.4 (3.95)
                                                   
Age                                                  
Under 30 509 (9.2)   540 (27.4) 612 (22.4) 0.3 (0.07) 70.1 (1.25) 28.0 (1.22) 1.5 (0.25) 0.1 (0.08) 44.1 (1.65) 55.9 (1.65) (†) (†)
30 to 39 661 (9.8)   798 (14.5) 898 (16.8) 0.7 (0.15) 46.8 (0.98) 46.1 (1.03) 6.0 (0.50) 0.4 (0.10) 10.3 (0.70) 53.5 (0.91) 36.3 (0.90) (†)
40 to 49 953 (10.3)   840 (14.3) 808 (19.2) 1.1 (0.14) 43.7 (1.22) 47.3 (1.15) 7.3 (0.61) 0.7 (0.12) 7.4 (0.57) 25.1 (0.88) 45.2 (1.28) 22.3 (1.09)
50 to 59 786 (12.6)   942 (26.0) 879 (21.1) 0.9 (0.14) 38.4 (1.06) 50.4 (0.97) 8.7 (0.55) 1.5 (0.25) 3.4 (0.32) 11.4 (0.63) 29.5 (1.09) 55.7 (1.05)
60 and over 93 (4.0)   131 (4.8) 207 (10.3) 1.1 (0.20) 35.0 (1.96) 51.1 (1.99) 9.6 (1.16) 3.2 (0.62) 2.9 (0.51) 8.5 (0.98) 22.4 (1.68) 66.2 (2.29)
                                                   
Level                                                  
Elementary 1,602 (13.5)   1,716 (25.8) 1,725 (37.1) 0.3 (0.07) 49.0 (0.89) 43.9 (0.79) 6.4 (0.39) 0.5 (0.11) 13.3 (0.87) 32.7 (0.83) 29.9 (0.81) 24.1 (0.99)
General 1,019 (13.6)   1,130 (29.8) 1,100 (26.5) 0.2 (0.06) 51.8 (1.08) 42.1 (1.05) 5.5 (0.54) 0.4 (0.12) 13.4 (0.84) 33.3 (0.97) 30.0 (0.92) 23.3 (1.05)
Arts/music [4 ] (†)   101 (5.3) 103 (6.6) 0.1 (0.07) 48.5 (3.68) 43.9 (3.47) 6.5 (1.84) 1.0 (0.61) 14.0 (2.79) 30.8 (3.08) 29.5 (3.64) 25.8 (3.28)
English 33 (2.8)   70 (5.1) 104 (9.9) 1.2 (0.95) 42.9 (4.56) 45.3 (4.25) 10.6 (1.99) (†) 8.9 (1.99) 27.9 (3.28) 30.5 (3.40) 32.6 (4.00)
ESL/bilingual [4 ] (†)   25 (3.6) 24 (3.3) (†) 35.5 (7.63) 44.7 (7.09) 19.1 (5.84) (†) 19.1 (5.58) 29.7 (5.67) 34.3 (5.83) 16.8 (4.70)
Health/physical ed. [4 ] (†)   73 (5.0) 63 (6.0) 0.4 (0.30) 54.3 (3.91) 40.5 (3.72) 4.5 (1.69) (†) 15.9 (3.15) 30.6 (3.95) 28.0 (3.86) 25.4 (3.21)
Mathematics 26 (2.5)   19 (2.3) 28 (3.8) (†) 49.1 (9.51) 44.4 (9.09) 4.3 (2.11) (†) 14.5 (5.40) 23.9 (5.65) 26.6 (7.04) 34.9 (8.28)
Science [4 ] (†)   19 (3.0) 15 (3.4) (†) 58.0 (9.34) 34.0 (7.93) 7.4 (6.78) (†) 13.1 (6.10) 31.4 (8.13) 28.2 (7.40) 27.4 (11.59)
Special education 210 (5.8)   240 (20.6) 230 (13.0) 0.2 (0.17) 42.1 (2.17) 51.1 (2.23) 5.9 (0.79) 0.7 (0.32) 12.4 (1.74) 36.4 (2.31) 29.0 (1.83) 22.2 (1.99)
Other elementary 314 (8.4)   40 (3.5) 58 (4.2) 0.2 (0.18) 32.1 (3.71) 52.6 (3.69) 14.3 (3.38) (†) 16.6 (3.28) 25.4 (3.67) 33.1 (4.75) 24.9 (3.57)
Secondary 1,401 (17.7)   1,534 (26.0) 1,680 (39.0) 1.3 (0.10) 45.7 (0.74) 45.2 (0.73) 6.5 (0.29) 1.3 (0.12) 13.6 (0.46) 34.5 (0.57) 28.6 (0.59) 23.3 (0.53)
Arts/music [5 ] (†)   112 (4.1) 121 (6.2) 0.5 (0.23) 48.7 (2.08) 46.1 (2.14) 3.8 (0.81) 1.0 (0.42) 14.4 (1.86) 27.3 (2.07) 28.0 (2.01) 30.3 (2.16)
English 235 (5.0)   269 (9.0) 306 (10.0) 0.2 (0.06) 46.7 (1.64) 45.0 (1.50) 7.1 (0.68) 1.1 (0.23) 14.0 (1.05) 37.0 (1.60) 26.1 (1.28) 23.0 (1.04)
ESL/bilingual [5 ] (†)   18 (2.5) 21 (2.5) (†) 38.3 (5.62) 52.2 (5.89) 7.1 (2.62) 2.4 (1.37) 13.8 (3.33) 38.7 (5.95) 30.4 (5.39) 17.1 (5.67)
Foreign language [5 ] (†)   73 (3.3) 78 (5.0) 0.6 (0.28) 45.7 (2.86) 45.2 (2.93) 6.9 (1.04) 1.6 (0.56) 14.3 (1.59) 36.6 (2.17) 27.1 (2.53) 21.9 (1.89)
Health/physical ed. [5 ] (†)   102 (4.3) 119 (5.7) 0.5 (0.25) 57.5 (1.93) 37.2 (1.91) 4.7 (0.91) 0.1 (0.09) 10.6 (1.32) 34.1 (2.93) 29.5 (2.19) 25.9 (2.18)
Mathematics 191 (4.3)   213 (5.5) 252 (9.1) 0.2 (0.11) 46.6 (1.59) 46.6 (1.59) 5.6 (0.77) 1.1 (0.31) 13.9 (1.17) 36.4 (1.56) 29.5 (1.48) 20.2 (1.27)
Science 159 (3.7)   189 (6.8) 195 (8.3) 0.4 (0.17) 42.7 (1.78) 49.3 (1.61) 5.5 (0.65) 2.1 (0.43) 14.9 (1.34) 33.2 (1.44) 30.9 (1.55) 21.1 (1.20)
Social studies 147 (4.3)   178 (5.7) 209 (9.9) 0.6 (0.22) 45.6 (1.86) 45.4 (1.84) 6.6 (1.10) 1.8 (0.41) 12.9 (0.97) 37.3 (1.74) 29.9 (1.51) 19.8 (1.38)
Special education 99 (2.3)   174 (7.5) 165 (9.7) 0.2 (0.14) 39.5 (1.95) 49.3 (1.83) 9.9 (1.15) 1.1 (0.61) 12.8 (1.81) 34.2 (1.68) 27.4 (1.85) 25.6 (1.88)
Vocational/
       technical
125 (3.2)   169 (5.7) 164 (6.3) 8.9 (0.72) 45.2 (1.43) 38.9 (1.45) 5.8 (0.71) 1.1 (0.39) 14.5 (1.30) 29.7 (1.38) 28.5 (1.42) 27.3 (1.38)
Other secondary 443 (8.5)   36 (2.1) 47 (3.4) 6.1 (1.00) 36.5 (3.24) 45.5 (3.71) 10.5 (2.04) 1.4 (0.52) 10.2 (1.66) 32.5 (3.30) 31.4 (2.56) 25.9 (2.47)
                                                   
Private schools                                                  
Total 449 (10.6)   467 (10.3) 490 (9.2) 8.1 (0.58) 53.9 (0.95) 32.8 (0.84) 2.8 (0.25) 2.4 (0.38) 23.6 (0.99) 31.0 (0.82) 24.6 (0.86) 20.8 (0.75)
Sex                                                  
Males 107 (3.8)   110 (8.4) 127 (4.6) 7.1 (1.40) 45.7 (2.07) 37.6 (2.11) 4.2 (0.67) 5.4 (1.22) 24.1 (2.15) 29.5 (1.61) 23.5 (1.70) 22.9 (1.57)
Females 342 (7.7)   357 (14.3) 362 (7.7) 8.5 (0.60) 56.8 (1.09) 31.1 (0.85) 2.4 (0.28) 1.3 (0.27) 23.5 (0.86) 31.6 (0.95) 25.0 (0.88) 20.0 (0.84)
                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                  
White 402 (9.6) 2  411 (12.0) 423 (8.8) 7.1 (0.73) 53.5 (1.15) 34.2 (0.95) 2.9 (0.29) 2.4 (0.41) 22.5 (0.97) 30.6 (0.85) 24.5 (0.89) 22.4 (0.82)
Black 17 (1.4) 2  19 (2.9) 20 (2.2) 20.1 (3.60) 55.3 (4.05) 22.2 (3.56) 1.6 (0.72) (†) 30.2 (3.60) 40.6 (3.70) 17.7 (3.08) 11.4 (2.36)
Hispanic 21 (1.5) 2  23 (3.1) 29 (2.1) 15.2 (2.32) 59.3 (3.70) 20.9 (2.58) 3.7 (1.29) 0.9 (0.49) 31.9 (4.70) 29.8 (2.91) 27.7 (3.87) 10.5 (2.03)
Asian (†)   (†) 11 (1.5) 7.2 (3.04) 50.3 (5.40) 33.0 (5.93) 2.9 (1.52) 6.6 (4.81) 28.6 (5.50) 34.4 (5.49) 27.5 (5.70) 9.5 (3.00)
Pacific Islander (†)   (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/
     Alaska Native
(†)   (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Two or more races (†)   (†) 4 (0.6) (†) 55.7 (9.60) 31.7 (8.87) 5.1 (2.81) (†) 23.6 (8.41) 34.8 (8.59) 31.2 (8.21) 10.4 (4.86)
                                                   
Age                                                  
Under 30 87 (3.1)   88 (3.7) 80 (3.9) 11.5 (1.52) 68.3 (1.86) 19.1 (1.41) 1.2 (0.48) (†) 55.5 (1.90) 44.2 (1.90) 0.3 (0.18) (†)
30 to 39 101 (3.2)   103 (5.8) 109 (5.2) 9.2 (1.76) 52.9 (2.48) 33.7 (1.95) 2.3 (0.64) 1.9 (0.55) 24.4 (2.76) 49.7 (2.61) 25.8 (1.98) (†)
40 to 49 131 (4.2)   119 (7.1) 116 (3.6) 9.1 (0.85) 54.4 (1.90) 30.1 (1.45) 2.9 (0.51) 3.5 (1.21) 20.4 (1.56) 30.4 (1.82) 38.3 (2.04) 10.9 (1.07)
50 to 59 106 (3.2)   121 (11.1) 128 (4.5) 5.7 (0.85) 49.8 (1.59) 39.8 (1.53) 2.7 (0.53) 2.0 (0.49) 13.2 (1.12) 17.8 (1.43) 28.7 (1.63) 40.3 (1.79)
60 and over 25 (1.2)   37 (4.7) 56 (3.1) 4.9 (1.00) 43.6 (2.66) 39.9 (2.85) 6.5 (1.18) 5.1 (1.47) 7.2 (1.26) 7.5 (1.62) 18.8 (1.96) 66.5 (2.27)
                                                   
Level                                                  
Elementary 261 (5.8)   263 (17.5) 258 (6.5) 10.8 (0.71) 59.3 (1.23) 27.3 (0.96) 2.1 (0.37) 0.4 (0.16) 23.0 (0.83) 31.1 (0.89) 24.4 (1.02) 21.5 (1.05)
General 168 (4.0)   174 (17.1) 163 (3.9) 10.4 (1.05) 61.6 (1.32) 26.6 (1.40) 1.1 (0.30) 0.3 (0.16) 18.5 (0.99) 30.3 (1.08) 26.1 (1.32) 25.1 (1.32)
Arts/music [4 ] (†)   21 (2.5) 20 (1.6) 14.7 (2.49) 54.5 (3.62) 27.4 (3.57) 2.8 (1.29) (†) 42.9 (3.81) 25.8 (2.95) 21.3 (3.09) 10.0 (2.41)
English [4 ] (†)   8 (1.1) 13 (1.2) 8.3 (2.22) 56.8 (5.08) 27.2 (4.34) 6.7 (3.39) (†) 21.0 (3.83) 33.5 (4.46) 25.5 (4.57) 20.0 (4.17)
Health/physical ed. [4 ] (†)   14 (1.8) 14 (1.7) 8.9 (2.32) 71.6 (5.66) 16.8 (5.79) 1.8 (1.26) (†) 32.3 (4.36) 37.3 (4.80) 16.2 (3.56) 14.1 (5.56)
Mathematics [4 ] (†)   6 (0.7) 7 (1.0) 13.4 (4.23) 48.7 (6.95) 31.9 (7.01) 4.9 (2.46) (†) 26.3 (5.59) 30.9 (5.24) 22.6 (5.97) 20.2 (7.94)
Science [4 ] (†)   5 (0.8) 6 (0.8) 3.8 (3.86) 56.4 (9.12) 37.6 (8.41) (†) (†) 15.1 (6.17) 31.6 (7.60) 32.1 (7.85) 21.3 (6.87)
Special education 16 (1.6)   12 (2.3) 9 (1.0) (†) 53.1 (6.27) 38.4 (6.47) 7.7 (3.40) (†) 23.2 (5.26) 32.2 (6.49) 29.6 (7.32) 15.0 (4.33)
Other elementary 77 (2.2)   24 (3.5) 27 (2.3) 16.1 (2.36) 49.5 (3.65) 30.5 (3.74) 3.4 (1.23) (†) 32.5 (2.87) 35.6 (3.62) 16.8 (2.60) 15.1 (2.76)
Secondary 188 (6.2)   204 (13.4) 231 (7.1) 5.2 (0.91) 47.8 (1.42) 38.9 (1.37) 3.6 (0.49) 4.5 (0.80) 24.3 (1.76) 31.0 (1.38) 24.8 (1.28) 20.0 (1.02)
Arts/music [5 ] (†)   18 (1.9) 19 (1.8) 10.5 (2.35) 47.4 (4.54) 35.2 (5.13) 2.8 (1.83) 4.1 (2.40) 29.5 (3.88) 29.7 (4.36) 25.2 (4.70) 15.5 (3.95)
English 33 (1.7)   38 (2.8) 39 (2.8) 3.4 (0.85) 51.3 (3.01) 39.2 (3.09) 2.7 (0.88) 3.3 (2.20) 23.3 (2.18) 29.3 (2.75) 27.6 (3.31) 19.8 (2.36)
Foreign language [5 ] (†)   18 (2.1) 22 (2.6) 4.6 (1.79) 45.7 (5.15) 40.3 (4.79) 3.2 (1.39) 6.1 (3.50) 28.5 (4.64) 34.5 (4.59) 16.6 (3.46) 20.4 (3.57)
Health/physical ed. [5 ] (†)   9 (1.0) 12 (1.8) 4.5 (2.80) 59.9 (7.33) 33.7 (7.48) (†) (†) 27.5 (5.72) 30.5 (6.63) 19.5 (4.73) 22.4 (4.33)
Mathematics 33 (1.6)   31 (3.2) 36 (2.6) 4.9 (1.50) 52.0 (4.38) 37.7 (4.10) 2.9 (1.09) 2.4 (1.22) 21.5 (2.89) 26.6 (3.11) 27.4 (4.00) 24.6 (2.99)
Science 23 (1.3)   27 (1.8) 31 (1.9) (†) 48.4 (3.31) 40.0 (3.21) 3.8 (1.22) 7.7 (2.32) 22.5 (3.04) 33.7 (3.35) 24.1 (2.94) 19.7 (3.01)
Social studies 19 (1.1)   27 (2.4) 31 (2.6) 1.9 (1.17) 44.3 (4.58) 41.2 (4.50) 5.7 (1.49) 6.8 (2.53) 23.0 (4.76) 28.2 (3.97) 25.9 (3.14) 22.9 (3.40)
Special education 7 (1.0)   7 (1.5) 6 (1.0) (†) 53.8 (8.31) 36.9 (7.74) 5.3 (3.13) (†) 15.9 (5.41) 45.4 (6.29) 27.9 (6.43) 10.9 (3.93)
Vocational/
       technical
4 (0.6)   5 (0.9) 5 (0.8) 13.7 (5.38) 49.2 (8.80) 36.2 (8.52) (†) (†) 29.6 (8.18) 27.5 (7.57) 23.2 (8.22) 19.8 (6.54)
Other secondary 69 (2.6)   24 (2.7) 29 (2.3) 13.5 (5.75) 35.5 (4.22) 41.1 (4.40) 5.1 (2.13) 4.8 (1.62) 24.6 (5.80) 34.9 (4.59) 24.9 (3.62) 15.6 (2.90)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases).
1 Includes certificate of advanced graduate studies.
2 Data for 1999-2000 are only roughly comparable to data for later years, because the new category of two or more races was introduced in 2003-04.
3 Includes Pacific Islander.
4 Included under Other elementary.
5 Included under Other secondary.
NOTE: Excludes prekindergarten teachers. Data are based on a head count of full-time and part-time teachers rather than on the number of full-time-equivalent teachers reported in other tables. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and cell suppression. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public Teacher Questionnaire," 1999-2000, 2003-04, and 2007-08; "Private Teacher Questionnaire," 1999-2000, 2003-04, and 2007-08; and "Charter Teacher Questionnaire," 1999-2000. (This table was prepared September 2009.)
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education