Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Table 30. Amount and percentage distribution of direct general expenditures of state and local governments, by function: Selected years, 1970-71 through 2008-09
Function 1970-71 1980-81 1990-91 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  Amount (in millions of current dollars)
Total direct general expenditures $150,674 $407,449 $908,108 $1,398,533 $1,502,768 $1,621,757 $1,732,478 $1,817,513 $1,903,915 $2,007,490   $2,116,464   $2,258,229   $2,400,204   $2,475,076  
Education and libraries 60,174 147,649 313,744 490,100 528,767 571,374 602,954 630,246 664,471 698,106   739,410   785,162   837,675   862,052  
                                       
Social services and income maintenance 30,376 92,555 214,919 338,964 365,226 396,086 433,685 467,625 502,788 536,376   551,721   582,852   618,353   655,014  
Public welfare 18,226 54,121 130,402 215,190 233,350 257,380 281,176 306,463 335,977 360,730   367,395   384,769   404,624   431,098  
Hospitals and health 11,205 36,101 81,110 119,361 127,342 134,010 147,065 154,878 160,943 170,193   178,777   193,072   208,557   218,400  
Social insurance administration 945 2,276 3,250 4,130 4,178 4,359 5,082 5,267 4,364 4,265   4,556   3,981   4,089   4,584  
Veterans’ services 57 157 283 357 337 361 1,017 1,504 1,189   992   1,031   1,083   933  
                                       
Transportation 19,819 39,231 75,410 110,163 118,974 130,422 136,824 142,255 141,070 149,626 1  160,460 1  170,976 1  181,322 1  181,876 1 
                                       
Public safety 9,416 31,233 79,932 128,743 137,809 146,544 156,702 162,279 166,899 176,758   187,929   203,259   217,201   222,661  
Police and fire protection 7,531 21,283 46,568 74,629 79,900 84,554 90,456 95,215 99,079 104,961   111,971   120,916   129,360   133,312  
Correction 1,885 7,393 27,356 45,598 48,805 52,370 54,615 55,471 56,326 59,102   62,645   68,092   72,904   74,503  
Protective inspection and regulation 2,557 6,008 8,516 9,104 9,620 11,631 11,593 11,494 12,694   13,312   14,250   14,937   14,846  
                                       
Environment and housing 11,832 35,223 76,167 109,930 117,123 124,203 134,033 141,571 146,276 153,398   163,867   179,196   191,972   190,639  
Natural resources, parks, and
     recreation
5,191 13,239 28,505 41,649 45,272 50,082 52,101 54,573 53,748 55,444   59,939   66,243   70,562   71,141  
Housing and community development 2,554 7,086 16,648 25,234 26,590 27,402 31,623 35,275 37,236 40,014   42,014   45,937   50,974   47,489  
Sewerage and sanitation 4,087 14,898 31,014 43,047 45,261 46,718 50,309 51,723 55,292 57,940   61,914   67,016   70,436   72,009  
                                       
Governmental administration 6,703 20,001 48,461 76,699 81,659 85,910 92,779 98,658 100,067 105,546   110,407   119,396   126,997   127,424  
Financial administration 2,271 7,230 16,995 27,593 29,300 30,007 32,660 34,911 34,675 36,695   37,666   39,631   40,995   40,319  
General control2 4,432 12,771 31,466 49,106 52,360 55,903 60,119 63,747 65,392 68,851   72,741   79,765   86,003   87,106  
                                       
Interest on general debt 5,089 17,131 52,234 67,294 69,814 73,836 75,287 77,277 81,812 81,122   86,001   93,586   100,055   103,478  
                                       
Other direct general expenditures,  
   not elsewhere classified
7,265 24,426 47,242 76,640 83,395 93,382 100,215 97,602 100,533 106,559   116,670   123,802   126,630   131,932  
  Percentage distribution
Total direct general expenditures 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0  
Education and libraries 39.9 36.2 34.5 35.0 35.2 35.2 34.8 34.7 34.9 34.8   34.9   34.8   34.9   34.8  
                                       
Social services and income maintenance 20.2 22.7 23.7 24.2 24.3 24.4 25.0 25.7 26.4 26.7   26.1   25.8   25.8   26.5  
Public welfare 12.1 13.3 14.4 15.4 15.5 15.9 16.2 16.9 17.6 18.0   17.4   17.0   16.9   17.4  
Hospitals and health 7.4 8.9 8.9 8.5 8.5 8.3 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5   8.4   8.5   8.7   8.8  
Social insurance administration 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2   0.2   0.2   0.2   0.2  
Veterans’ services # # # # # # 0.1 0.1 0.1   #   #   #   #  
                                       
Transportation 13.2 9.6 8.3 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.4 7.5 1  7.6 1  7.6 1  7.6 1  7.3 1 
                                       
Public safety 6.2 7.7 8.8 9.2 9.2 9.0 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.8   8.9   9.0   9.0   9.0  
Police and fire protection 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2   5.3   5.4   5.4   5.4  
Correction 1.3 1.8 3.0 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9   3.0   3.0   3.0   3.0  
Protective inspection and regulation 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6   0.6   0.6   0.6   0.6  
                                       
Environment and housing 7.9 8.6 8.4 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.7 7.6   7.7   7.9   8.0   7.7  
Natural resources, parks, and
     recreation
3.4 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.8   2.8   2.9   2.9   2.9  
Housing and community development 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0   2.0   2.0   2.1   1.9  
Sewerage and sanitation 2.7 3.7 3.4 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9   2.9   3.0   2.9   2.9  
                                       
Governmental administration 4.4 4.9 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3   5.2   5.3   5.3   5.1  
Financial administration 1.5 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8   1.8   1.8   1.7   1.6  
General control2 2.9 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4   3.4   3.5   3.6   3.5  
                                       
Interest on general debt 3.4 4.2 5.8 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.0   4.1   4.1   4.2   4.2  
                                       
Other direct general expenditures,
   not elsewhere classified
4.8 6.0 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.3   5.5   5.5   5.3   5.3  
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
1 No longer includes transit subsidies.
2 Includes judicial and legal expenditures and expenditures on general public buildings and other governmental administration.
NOTE: Excludes monies paid by states to the federal government. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Governmental Finances. Retrieved October 31, 2011, from http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate/. (This table was prepared October 2011.)
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education