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Table 5. Number of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1980-81 through 2009-10
Level and control of institution 1980-81 1990-91 1997-98 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All institutions 129,997 131,414 136,465 136,819 138,899 139,207 138,925
                             
Elementary and
      secondary schools
106,746 109,228 123,403 125,007 130,007 130,407 132,436 132,656 132,183
Elementary 72,659 74,716 85,855 86,433 89,277 89,252 88,896 88,982 88,565
Secondary 24,856 23,602 24,169 24,903 24,884 25,476 26,925 27,575 27,427
Combined 5,202 8,847 11,412 12,197 14,430 13,931 14,964 14,837 14,895
Other1 4,029 2,063 1,967 1,474 1,416 1,749 1,651 1,262 1,296
                             
Public schools 85,982 84,538 89,508 92,012 93,273 94,112 95,615 95,726 96,513 97,382 98,793 98,916 98,706 98,817
Elementary 59,326 59,015 62,739 64,131 64,601 65,228 65,718 65,758 65,984 66,026 66,458 67,112 67,148 67,140
Secondary 22,619 21,135 21,682 22,365 21,994 22,180 22,599 22,782 23,445 23,998 23,920 24,643 24,348 24,651
Combined 1,743 2,325 3,120 4,042 5,096 5,288 5,552 5,437 5,572 5,707 5,984 5,899 5,623 5,730
Other1 2,294 2,063 1,967 1,474 1,582 1,416 1,746 1,749 1,512 1,651 2,431 1,262 1,587 1,296
                             
Private schools2  20,764 24,690 33,895 32,995 35,895 34,681 35,054 33,740 33,366
Elementary 13,333 15,701 23,116 22,302 24,049 23,494 22,870 21,870 21,425
Schools with highest grade
      of kindergarten
6,493 5,952 6,622 6,297 6,059 5,522 5,275
Secondary 2,237 2,467 2,487 2,538 2,704 2,694 2,927 2,932 2,776
Combined 3,459 6,522 8,292 8,155 9,142 8,494 9,257 8,938 9,165
Other1 1,735 (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3)
                             
Postsecondary Title IV
      institutions
6,594 6,407 6,479 6,458 6,354 6,412 6,383 6,463 6,536 6,551 6,632 6,742
Public 2,163 2,078 2,084 2,099 2,051 2,047 2,027 2,013 2,009 2,004 1,997 1,989
Private 4,431 4,329 4,395 4,359 4,303 4,365 4,356 4,450 4,527 4,547 4,635 4,753
Not-for-profit 2,007 1,936 1,950 1,941 1,921 1,913 1,875 1,866 1,848 1,815 1,809 1,809
For-profit 2,424 2,393 2,445 2,418 2,382 2,452 2,481 2,584 2,679 2,732 2,826 2,944
                             
Title IV non-degree-
granting institutions
2,530 2,323 2,297 2,261 2,186 2,176 2,167 2,187 2,222 2,199 2,223 2,247
Public 456 396 386 386 339 327 327 320 321 319 321 317
Private 2,074 1,927 1,911 1,875 1,847 1,849 1,840 1,867 1,901 1,880 1,902 1,930
Not-for-profit 300 255 255 265 256 249 238 219 208 191 180 185
For-profit 1,774 1,672 1,656 1,610 1,591 1,600 1,602 1,648 1,693 1,689 1,722 1,745
                             
Title IV degree-granting
institutions
3,231 3,559 4,064 4,084 4,182 4,197 4,168 4,236 4,216 4,276 4,314 4,352 4,409 4,495
2-year colleges 1,274 1,418 1,755 1,721 1,732 1,710 1,702 1,706 1,683 1,694 1,685 1,677 1,690 1,721
Public 945 972 1,092 1,068 1,076 1,085 1,081 1,086 1,061 1,053 1,045 1,032 1,024 1,000
Private 329 446 663 653 656 625 621 620 622 641 640 645 666 721
Not-for-profit 182 167 179 150 144 135 127 118 112 113 107 92 92 85
For-profit 147 279 484 503 512 490 494 502 510 528 533 553 574 636
                             
4-year colleges 1,957 2,141 2,309 2,363 2,450 2,487 2,466 2,530 2,533 2,582 2,629 2,675 2,719 2,774
Public 552 595 615 614 622 628 631 634 639 640 643 653 652 672
Private 1,405 1,546 1,694 1,749 1,828 1,859 1,835 1,896 1,894 1,942 1,986 2,022 2,067 2,102
Not-for-profit 1,387 1,482 1,528 1,531 1,551 1,541 1,538 1,546 1,525 1,534 1,533 1,532 1,537 1,539
For-profit 18 64 166 218 277 318 297 350 369 408 453 490 530 563
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Includes special education, alternative, and other schools not classified by grade span. Because of changes in survey definitions, figures for "other" schools are not comparable from year to year.
2 Data for 1980-81 and 1990-91 include schools with first or higher grades. Data for 1997-98 and later years include schools with kindergarten or higher grades.
3 Included in the elementary, secondary, and combined categories.
NOTE: Postsecondary data for 1980-81 and 1990-91 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for Title IV degree-granting and non-degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Appendix A: Guide to Sources for details.) Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 1989-90 through 2009-10; Private Schools in American Education; Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, 1980-81; Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Private School Data File," 1990-91; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1995-96 through 2009-10; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Institutional Characteristics of Colleges and Universities" survey, 1980-81; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Institutional Characteristics Survey" (IPEDS-IC:90-99); and IPEDS Fall 2001 through Fall 2009, Institutional Characteristics component. (This table was prepared August 2011.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education