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Table 4. Number of teachers in elementary and secondary schools, and instructional staff in postsecondary degree-granting institutions, by control of institution: Selected years, fall 1970 through fall 2020
[In thousands]
Year All levels Elementary and
secondary teachers1
Degree-granting institutions
instructional staff2
Total Public Private Total Public Private Total Public Private
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1970 2,766 2,373 393 2,292 2,059 233   474   314   160  
1975 3,081 2,641 440 2,453 2,198 255 3  628   443   185  
                           
1980 3,171 2,679 492 2,485 2,184 301   686 3,4  495 3,4  191 3,4 
1981 3,145 2,636 509 2,440 2,127 313 3  705   509   196  
1982 3,168 2,639 529 2,458 2,133 325 3  710 3,4  506 3,4  204 3,4 
1983 3,200 2,651 549 2,476 2,139 337   724   512   212  
1984 3,225 2,673 552 2,508 2,168 340 3  717 3,4  505 3,4  212 3,4 
                           
1985 3,264 2,709 555 2,549 2,206 343   715 3,4  503 3,4  212 3,4 
1986 3,314 2,754 560 2,592 2,244 348 3  722 3,4  510 3,4  212 3,4 
1987 3,424 2,832 592 2,631 2,279 352   793   553   240  
1988 3,472 2,882 590 2,668 2,323 345   804 3 559 3 245 3
1989 3,537 2,934 603 2,713 2,357 356   824   577   247  
                           
1990 3,577 2,972 604 2,759 2,398 361 3  817 3 574 3 244 3
1991 3,623 3,013 610 2,797 2,432 365   826   581   245  
1992 3,700 3,080 621 2,823 2,459 364 3  877 3 621 3 257 3
1993 3,784 3,154 629 2,868 2,504 364   915   650   265  
1994 3,846 3,205 640 2,922 2,552 370 3  923 3 653 3 270 3
                           
1995 3,906 3,255 651 2,974 2,598 376   932   657   275  
1996 4,006 3,339 666 3,051 2,667 384 3  954 3 672 3 282 3
1997 4,127 3,441 687 3,138 2,746 391   990   695   295  
1998 4,230 3,527 703 3,230 2,830 400 3  999 3 697 3 303 3
1999 4,347 3,624 723 3,319 2,911 408   1,028   713   315  
                           
2000 4,432 3,683 750 3,366 2,941 424   1,067 3 741 3 325 3
2001 4,554 3,771 783 3,440 3,000 441   1,113   771   342  
2002 4,631 3,829 802 3,476 3,034 442 3  1,155 3 794 3 361 3
2003 4,663 3,840 823 3,490 3,049 441   1,174   792   382  
2004 4,774 3,909 865 3,538 3,091 447 3  1,237 3 818 3 418 3
                           
2005 4,883 3,984 899 3,593 3,143 450   1,290   841   449  
2006 4,944 4,021 924 3,622 3,166 456 3  1,322 3 854 3 468 3
2007 5,006 4,055 951 3,634 3,178 456   1,371   877   494  
2008 5,059 4,107 953 3,670 3,222 448 3  1,390 3 885 3 505 3
2009 5,086 4,123 963 3,647 3,210 437   1,439   914   525  
                           
20105  3,668 3,240 428        
20115  3,679 3,253 426        
20125  3,696 3,274 422        
20135  3,725 3,306 419        
20145  3,752 3,334 419        
                           
20155  3,782 3,364 418        
20165  3,814 3,395 419        
20175  3,846 3,425 420        
20185  3,876 3,454 422        
20195  3,910 3,485 425        
20205  3,939 3,510 429        
—Not available.
1 Includes teachers in local public school systems and in most private schools (religiously affiliated and nonsectarian). Teachers are reported in terms of full-time equivalents.
2 Data through 1995 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Appendix A: Guide to Sources for details.) Includes full-time and part-time faculty with the rank of instructor or above in colleges, universities, professional schools, and 2-year colleges. Excludes teaching assistants.
3 Estimated.
4 Inclusion of institutions is not consistent with surveys for 1987 and later years.
5 Projected.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Headcounts are used to report data for degree-granting institutions instructional staff.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, 1970 and 1975; Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 1980 through 2009; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1989-90 through 2009-10; Projections of Education Statistics to 2020; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Staff" survey, 1970 and 1975; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Staff Survey" (IPEDS-S:87-99); IPEDS Winter 2001-02 through Winter 2009-10, Human Resources component, Fall Staff section; U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission, EEO-6, 1981 and 1983; and unpublished data. (This table was prepared February 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education