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Mathematics

Question:
How are American students performing in mathematics?

Response:
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) assesses student performance in mathematics. NAEP mathematics scores range from 0 to 500 for grades 4 and 8. In 2013, the average NAEP mathematics scores for 4th-grade and 8th-grade students were higher than the average scores in all previous assessment years. From 1990 to 2013, the average 4th-grade NAEP mathematics score increased by 28 points, from 213 to 242. During that same period, the average 8th-grade score increased by 22 points, from 263 to 285. Twelfth-graders were most recently assessed in 2009; in that year, the average 12th-grade mathematics score was 3 points higher than in 2005, the first year that the revised assessment was administered.



Average mathematics scale scores of 4th- and 8th-grade students: Selected years, 19902013

The data in this figure is described in the surrounding text.

NOTE: At grades 4 and 8, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale ranges from 0 to 500. Testing accommodations (e.g., extended time, small group testing) for children with disabilities and English language learners were not permitted in 1990 and 1992.


In 2013, some 83 percent of 4th-grade students performed at or above the Basic achievement level and 42 percent performed at or above the Proficient level in mathematics. While the percentage of students at or above the Basic level in 2013 was not measurably different from that in 2011 (82 percent), it was higher than the percentage in 1990 (50 percent). A higher percentage of 4th-grade students performed at or above Proficient in 2013 than in all previous assessment years. In 2013, some 74 percent of 8th-grade students performed at or above Basic and 35 percent performed at or above Proficient in mathematics. The percentages at or above Basic and at or above Proficient in 2013 showed no measurable change from 2011, but they were higher than the percentages in all assessment years prior to 2011. The percentages of 12th-grade students performing at or above Basic (64 percent) and at or above Proficient (26 percent) in mathematics were each 3 percentage points higher in 2009 than in 2005.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2014). The Condition of Education 2014 (NCES 2014-083), Mathematics Performance.

Related Tables and Figures:  (Listed by Release Date)

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education