Do you have any statistics on school crime?
The Crime and Safety Surveys Program collects and reports data on crime, violence, and safety in U.S. elementary and secondary schools. The following statistics are from the Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2012 report, which is designed to provide an annual snapshot of specific crime and safety indicators, covering topics such as victimization, teacher injury, bullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, availability and student use of drugs and alcohol, and student perceptions of personal safety at school.
Violent Deaths at School
From July 1, 2010, through June 30, 2011, there were 31 school-associated violent deaths in elementary and secondary schools in the United States. Of the 31 student, staff, and nonstudent school-associated violent deaths occurring between July 1, 2010, and June 30, 2011, there were 25 homicides and 6 suicides.
Nonfatal Student Victimization–Student Reports
The victimization rates for students in 2011 varied according to student characteristics. No measurable differences were found by age group (i.e., students ages 12–14 vs. students ages 15–18) in the rates of total victimization at school. The rates of theft at school were lower for younger students (ages 12–14) than for older students (ages 15–18). The rates of theft at school were 21 per 1,000 students ages 12–14, compared to 30 per 1,000 students ages 15–18. The rates of violent victimization at school were higher for younger students (ages 12–14) than for older students (ages 15–18). Violent victimization rates at school were 34 per 1,000 students ages 12–14, compared to 14 per 1,000 students ages 15–18.
At school, females had lower rates of violent victimization (19 per 1,000) than males (28 per 1,000) in 2011. There were no measurable differences between male and female rates of theft at school. Females had higher rates of theft (25 per 1,000) than males (18 per 1,000) away from school in 2011. No measurable differences were detected by sex between the rates of total and violent victimization away from school.
Violence and Crime at School–Principal ReportsDuring the 2009–10 school year, 85 percent of public schools recorded that one or more of these incidents of violence, theft, or other crimes had taken place, amounting to an estimated 1.9 million crimes. This figure translates to a rate of approximately 40 crimes per 1,000 students enrolled in 2009–10. During the same year, 60 percent of schools reported one of the specified crimes to the police, amounting to about 689,000 crimes—or 15 crimes per 1,000 students enrolled.
For the majority of types of crime, the percentages of public schools recording incidents of crime or reporting incidents of crime to the police in 2009–10 were not measurably different from the percentages of schools doing so in 2007–08. However, the percentage of schools that recorded vandalism decreased from 49 percent in 2007–08 to 46 percent in 2009–10.
Teachers Threatened with Injury–Teacher Reports
During the 2007–08 school year, a smaller percentage of teachers (7 percent) were threatened with injury by a student from their school than in 1993–94 (12 percent) and 1999–2000 (9 percent), though this percentage was not measurably different from the percentage in 2003–04 (7 percent). The percentage of teachers reporting that they had been physically attacked by a student from their school (4 percent) was not measurably different in 2007–08 than in any previous survey year.
Perceptions of Personal Safety at School and Away From School–Student Reports
In 2011, a higher percentage of students ages 12–18 reported that they were afraid of attack or harm at school (4 percent) than away from school (2 percent) during the school year. In 2011, a lower percentage of White students (3 percent) than of Hispanic students (5 percent) reported being afraid of attack or harm at school, and a lower percentage of White students (2 percent) than of Black and Hispanic students (3 percent each) reported being afraid of attack or harm away from school.
The percentage of students who reported being afraid of attack or harm at school or away from school in 2011 did not measurably differ by sex. Four percent each of female and male students reported being afraid of attack or harm at school, and 3 percent of females and 2 percent of males reported being afraid of attack or harm away from school.
Students’ Reports of Illegal Drug Availability on School Property
The percentage of students in grades 9–12 who reported that drugs were made available to them on school property increased from 1993 to 1995 (from 24 to 32 percent), but then decreased to 26 percent in 2011. There was no measurable difference in the percentages reported in 1993 and 2011. However, the percentage of students who reported that drugs were made available to them on school property in 2011 (26 percent) was higher than the percentage of students who reported that drugs were made available to them on school property in 2009 (23 percent).
Bullying at School and Cyber-bullying Anywhere
In 2011, about 28 percent of students ages 12–18 reported being bullied at school during the school year. Of those students who reported being bullied at school, 18 percent reported that they were made fun of, called names, or insulted. Eighteen percent of students reported being the subject of rumors, 5 percent reported being threatened with harm, and 3 percent reported that others tried to make them do things they did not want to do. Six percent of students reported being excluded from activities on purpose, 3 percent reported that their property was destroyed by others on purpose, and 8 percent said they were pushed, shoved, tripped, or spit on. In 2011, about 21 percent of students who were pushed, shoved, tripped, or spit on at school during the school year reported being injured as a result of the incident.
In 2011, approximately 9 percent of students ages 12–18 reported being cyber-bullied anywhere during the school year. Four percent of students reported that another student had posted hurtful information on the Internet and 4 percent reported being subject to harassing text messages. Three percent of students reported being subject to harassing instant messages, 2 percent reported being subject to harassing e-mails, and 1 percent each reported having their private information purposefully shared on the Internet, being harassed while gaming, and being excluded online.
Students who reported being bullied also were asked if they had notified an adult. In 2011, a higher percentage of students reported notifying an adult after being bullied at school than after being cyber- bullied anywhere (40 vs. 26 percent). While there was no measurable difference by sex in the percentage of students notifying an adult after being bullied at school, a higher percentage of females (32 percent) than of males (16 percent) reported notifying an adult after being cyber-bullied.SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2013). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2012 (NCES 2013-036).
|Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported criminal victimization at school during the previous 6 months, by type of victimization and selected student characteristics: 2001, 2005, and 2011|
|Total||Theft||Violent||Serious violent1||Total||Theft||Violent||Serious violent1||Total||Theft||Violent||Serious violent1|
NOTE: "Total victimization" includes theft and violent crimes. "Theft" includes attempted and completed purse-snatching, completed pickpocketing, and all attempted and completed thefts, excluding motor vehicle theft. Theft does not include robbery in which the threat or use of force is involved. "Serious violent victimization" includes rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault. "Violent victimization" includes serious violent crimes and simple assault. "At school" includes in the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and, from 2001 onward, going to and from school. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding, and student reports of "theft," "violent," and "serious violent" victimization may not sum to "total" victimization because respondents could report more than one type of victimization.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2013). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2012 (NCES 2013-036), Table 3.1.
Related Tables and Figures: (Listed by Release Date)
Other Resources: (Listed by Release Date)