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School crime

Question:
Do you have any statistics on school crime?

Response:
The Crime and Safety Surveys Program collects and reports data on crime, violence, and safety in U.S. elementary and secondary schools. The following statistics are from the Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2013 report, which is designed to provide an annual snapshot of specific crime and safety indicators, covering topics such as victimization, teacher injury, bullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, availability and student use of drugs and alcohol, and student perceptions of personal safety at school.

Violent Deaths at School

From July 1, 2010, through June 30, 2011, there were 31 school-associated violent deaths in elementary and secondary schools in the United States. Of the 31 student, staff, and nonstudent school-associated violent deaths occurring between July 1, 2010, and June 30, 2011, there were 25 homicides and 6 suicides.

Nonfatal Student Victimization–Student Reports

In 2012, students ages 12–18 were victims of about 1,364,900 nonfatal victimizations at school, including 615,600 thefts and 749,200 violent victimizations, 89,000 of which were serious violent victimizations. The victimization rates for students in 2012 varied according to student characteristics. Between 1992 and 2012, the total victimization rates for students ages 12–18 generally declined both at school (from 181 to 52 per 1,000) and away from school (from 173 to 38 per 1,000). This pattern also held for thefts, violent victimizations, and serious violent victimizations. In 2012, a greater number of students ages 12–18 experienced victimizations (theft and violent crime) at school than away from school. That year, 52 victimizations per 1,000 students occurred at school, and 38 victimizations per 1,000 students occurred away from school.

In each survey year, a higher percentage of males than females in grades 9–12 reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property. For example, in 2011, approximately 10 percent of males and 5 percent of females were threatened or injured with a weapon on school property. These percentages were not measurably different from the percentages of males and females who were threatened or injured with a weapon on school property in 2009.

Violence and Crime at School–Principal Reports

During the 2009–10 school year, 85 percent of public schools recorded that one or more of these incidents of violence, theft, or other crimes had taken place, amounting to an estimated 1.9 million crimes. This translates to a rate of approximately 40 crimes per 1,000 students enrolled in 2009–10. During the same year, 60 percent of schools reported one of the specified crimes to the police, amounting to about 689,000 crimes—or 15 crimes per 1,000 students enrolled.

For the majority of types of crime, the percentages of public schools recording incidents of crime or reporting incidents of crime to the police in 2009–10 were not measurably different from the percentages of schools doing so in 2007–08. However, the percentage of schools that recorded vandalism decreased from 49 percent in 2007–08 to 46 percent in 2009–10.

Teachers Threatened with Injury–Teacher Reports

During the 2011–12 school year, 9 percent of school teachers reported being threatened with injury by a student from their school. This percentage was lower than the 12 percent of teachers who reported being threatened with injury in 1993–94, but higher than the percentages of teachers who reported being threatened with injury in 2003–04 and 2007–08 (7 percent each).The percentage of teachers reporting that they had been physically attacked by a student from their school in 2011–12 (5 percent) was higher than in any previous survey year (ranging from 3 to 4 percent).

Perceptions of Personal Safety at School and Away From School–Student Reports

In 2011, a higher percentage of students ages 12–18 reported that they were afraid of attack or harm at school (4 percent) than away from school (2 percent) during the school year. In 2011, a lower percentage of White students (3 percent) than of Hispanic students (5 percent) reported being afraid of attack or harm at school, and a lower percentage of White students (2 percent) than of Black and Hispanic students (3 percent each) reported being afraid of attack or harm away from school.

The percentage of students who reported being afraid of attack or harm at school or away from school in 2011 did not measurably differ by sex. Four percent each of female and male students reported being afraid of attack or harm at school, and 3 percent of females and 2 percent of males reported being afraid of attack or harm away from school.

Students’ Reports of Illegal Drug Availability on School Property

The percentage of students in grades 9–12 who reported that drugs were made available to them on school property increased from 1993 to 1995 (from 24 to 32 percent), but then decreased to 26 percent in 2011. There was no measurable difference in the percentages reported in 1993 and 2011. However, the percentage of students who reported that drugs were made available to them on school property in 2011 (26 percent) was higher than the percentage of students who reported that drugs were made available to them on school property in 2009 (23 percent).

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2014). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2013 (NCES 2014-042).


Percentage of students ages 12–18 who reported criminal victimization at school during the previous 6 months, by type of victimization: Various years, 1995–2011

The data in this figure is described in the surrounding text.

1 Serious violent crimes are also included in violent crimes.

NOTE: "Total victimization" includes theft and violent crimes. "Theft" includes attempted and completed purse-snatching, completed pickpocketing, and all attempted and completed thefts, excluding motor vehicle theft. Theft does not include robbery in which the threat or use of force is involved. "Serious violent victimization" includes rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault. "Violent victimization" includes serious violent crimes and simple assault. "At school" includes in the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and, from 2001 onward, going to and from school. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding, and students' reports of "theft," "violent," and "serious violent" may not sum to "total" victimization because respondents could report more than one type of victimization.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2014). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2013 (NCES 2014-042), Figure 3.1.

Related Tables and Figures:  (Listed by Release Date)

Other Resources:  (Listed by Release Date)


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education