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Common Core of Data (CCD)

Table 3. Percent of middle school students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch by state and eligibility status: School years 1999–2000 through 2009–10

School year
State or jurisdiction 1999–
2000
2000–
01
2001–
02
2002–
03
2003–
04
2004–
05
2005–
06
2006–
07
2007–
08
2008–
09
2009–
10
Reporting States                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  35 34 37 37 37 38 42 41 40 43 45
Percent eligible for free lunch  27 27 29 28 29 30 32 33 32 35 37
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  56 55 57 57 53 55 58 57 54 55 53
Percent with information not available  9 11 6 6 10 7 0 2 6 2 2
                       
Alabama                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  44 45 48 51 51 53 53 52 50 52 54
Percent eligible for free lunch  36 37 40 42 43 44 44 43 42 43 47
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  55 55 52 49 49 46 47 48 48 48 46
Percent with information not available  1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0
                       
Alaska                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  22 21 22 23 25 27 32 32 31 32 35
Percent eligible for free lunch  16 18 20 24 24 23 25 27
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 7 8 8 7 7 8
Percent not eligible  74 77 78 76 73 72 66 67 69 68 65
Percent with information not available  4 1 0 1 2 2 1 1 0 0 0
                       
Arizona                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  13 51 57 52 46 46 51 49
Percent eligible for free lunch  10 42 47 43 36 35 41 40
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  3 9 10 9 10 10 10 9
Percent not eligible  31 44 40 43 52 51 49 50
Percent with information not available  100 100 100 56 5 3 5 2 3 0 1
                       
Arkansas                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  45 45 47 49 50 53 54 59 56 56 59
Percent eligible for free lunch  37 37 39 40 41 44 45 49 47 47 49
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10
Percent not eligible  55 55 53 51 50 47 46 41 44 44 41
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
California                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  49 47 48 50 50 51 51 52 53 54 57
Percent eligible for free lunch  41 39 40 40 41 42 41 42 43 44 47
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10
Percent not eligible  51 53 52 50 50 49 49 47 46 46 43
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
                       
Colorado                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  31 31 32 33 35 36 38 38 37 38 41
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 23 24 25 28 29 30 30 30 30 33
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 7 7 7 7 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  69 69 68 67 65 64 62 62 62 62 59
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Connecticut                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  21 23 23 22 20 22 22 24 26
Percent eligible for free lunch  16 14 16 16 18 19
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 6 6 5 6 6
Percent not eligible  79 77 77 78 80 76 78 75 73
Percent with information not available  0 100 100 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1
                       
Delaware                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  37 37 38 39 37 38 38 39 39 42 49
Percent eligible for free lunch  30 29 31 32 30 31 32 32 33 34 42
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 7 7 7 7 6 7 7 7 8
Percent not eligible  63 63 62 61 63 62 62 61 58 57 51
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 0
                       
District of Columbia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  57 64 59 62 55 73 59 59 51 66 69
Percent eligible for free lunch  52 59 54 56 51 66 53 53 44 57 62
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 5 6 6 4 7 6 4 7 9 8
Percent not eligible  39 36 30 38 32 27 31 30 25 26 27
Percent with information not available  5 0 11 0 13 0 10 12 24 8 4
                       
Florida                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  45 46 46 47 48 49 48 47 47 51 55
Percent eligible for free lunch  36 36 37 37 38 40 38 37 37 41 45
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Percent not eligible  55 54 54 53 52 51 52 53 53 49 45
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Georgia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  42 44 46 47 49 50 52 52 53 54 57
Percent eligible for free lunch  35 36 37 38 40 41 43 43 43 45 48
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Percent not eligible  58 56 54 53 51 50 48 48 47 46 43
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Hawaii                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  41 43 42 44 43 42 42 42 38 42 44
Percent eligible for free lunch  31 33 31 33 32 31 30 29 27 30 33
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 11 12 11
Percent not eligible  59 57 58 56 57 58 58 58 62 58 56
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Idaho                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  33 37 38 40 42 43 44 43 44 46 51
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 26 27 29 30 32 32 31 32 34 39
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12
Percent not eligible  66 63 62 60 58 56 56 57 56 54 49
Percent with information not available  1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Illinois                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  25 27 29 30 31 31 32 33 37
Percent eligible for free lunch  21 22 24 24 25 25 26 27 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  4 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6
Percent not eligible  71 71 68 67 66 64 64 64 59
Percent with information not available  100 100 4 3 3 3 3 5 5 3 4
                       
Indiana                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  29 30 31 33 35 36 36 37 38 40 43
Percent eligible for free lunch  22 22 23 25 27 28 28 29 30 31 34
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9
Percent not eligible  71 69 69 67 63 62 64 63 62 60 57
Percent with information not available  1 1 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Iowa                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  28 28 28 30 32 33 33 34 34 35 39
Percent eligible for free lunch  20 20 20 21 23 24 25 25 26 27 30
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9
Percent not eligible  72 72 72 70 68 67 67 66 66 65 61
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Kansas                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  33 35 36 38 39 40 40 40 40 43 46
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 25 26 28 29 30 30 30 30 32 36
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 10
Percent not eligible  67 65 64 62 61 60 60 60 60 57 54
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Kentucky                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  44 44 46 68 50 48 51 52 54
Percent eligible for free lunch  35 35 37 54 41 40 42 43 45
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 14 9 9 8 9 9
Percent not eligible  56 56 54 32 50 52 49 47 46
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 100 100 0 0 0 2 0
                       
Louisiana                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  59 60 60 62 63 62 63 62 63 64 64
Percent eligible for free lunch  51 51 51 53 54 54 55 53 54 55 55
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 9 9 9 8 8 7 9 8 9 9
Percent not eligible  41 40 40 38 37 38 37 38 37 36 36
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Maine                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  28 29 30 31 31 33 33 34 35 37 40
Percent eligible for free lunch  22 21 22 23 23 25 26 26 27 29 33
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 8 8 7
Percent not eligible  66 67 69 68 61 66 66 66 65 63 60
Percent with information not available  6 4 1 1 8 1 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Maryland                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  29 30 30 30 31 32 31 31 31 32 34
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 23 23 23 24 25 24 24 23 24 27
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 7 7 7 7 8 7 8 8 8 7
Percent not eligible  71 70 70 70 69 68 69 69 69 68 66
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Massachusetts                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  25 25 26 26 27 27 27 28 28 29 31
Percent eligible for free lunch  20 20 22 22 22 22 22 23 25
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 5 5 5 5 6 6 5 6
Percent not eligible  75 75 74 74 73 73 73 72 72 71 69
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Michigan                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  27 27 30 31 32 32 34 35 35 38 42
Percent eligible for free lunch  22 22 24 24 25 26 27 28 28 31 35
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 7
Percent not eligible  73 73 65 65 64 62 66 65 65 62 58
Percent with information not available  0 0 5 4 4 6 0 0 0 0 0
Minnesota                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  23 22 24 25 26 27 27 28 28 29 32
Percent eligible for free lunch  16 15 17 18 19 20 20 20 21 22 24
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8
Percent not eligible  77 78 76 75 74 73 73 72 72 71 68
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Mississippi                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  60 61 62 62 63 64 71 68 67 68 70
Percent eligible for free lunch  52 52 54 54 55 56 64 60 59 59 62
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 9 8 8 8 8 7 8 9 9 8
Percent not eligible  40 39 38 38 37 35 29 32 33 32 30
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Missouri                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  35 35 36 38 39 40 40 40 40 39 44
Percent eligible for free lunch  28 28 29 30 32 32 32 31 32 31 36
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9
Percent not eligible  65 65 64 62 61 60 60 60 60 61 56
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Montana                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  34 35 35 36 37 37 38 38 37 38 40
Percent eligible for free lunch  26 26 26 27 28 28 28 29 27 27 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 9 9 9 10 9 10 11 9
Percent not eligible  64 65 65 64 63 61 61 61 62 62 59
Percent with information not available  2 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 0
                       
Nebraska                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  30 30 31 29 34 35 34 36 38 38 42
Percent eligible for free lunch  21 21 22 21 25 26 26 27 28 28 32
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 9 9 8 9 9 9 10 10 10 10
Percent not eligible  70 70 69 71 66 65 66 64 62 62 58
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Nevada                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  33 32 35 43 43 17 44 42 39 44
Percent eligible for free lunch  25 24 27 35 35 33 31 36
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 8 9 8 7
Percent not eligible  64 67 65 56 54 83 54 58 59 56
Percent with information not available  3 0 0 0 3 0 2 100 0 2 1
                       
New Hampshire                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  17 16 16 17 19 19 19 20 20 22 25
Percent eligible for free lunch  12 10 11 12 13 13 13 14 14 15 18
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 6 6 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
Percent not eligible  83 84 84 83 81 81 81 79 80 78 75
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
                       
New Jersey                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  24 24 24 23 23 22 22 23 23 25
Percent eligible for free lunch  18 18 18 17 17 17 16 17 18 19
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 6 6 6 5 5 6 6 6
Percent not eligible  76 76 76 77 77 78 74 75 77 74
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 100 0 4 2 0 1
                       
New Mexico                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  52 59 57 61 62 62 58 63 62 63 67
Percent eligible for free lunch  48 46 50 51 51 49 56 54 55 59
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  11 10 11 11 11 9 7 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  48 41 43 39 38 38 42 37 37 36 32
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
                       
New York                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  44 43 45 17 18 44 42 41 42 19
Percent eligible for free lunch  38 36 38 12 13 36 34 33 34 14
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 7 7 4 5 8 8 8 8 5
Percent not eligible  56 57 55 48 82 56 56 59 57 48
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 35 100 0 0 2 0 0 33
                       
North Carolina                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  40 37 40 36 47 48 45 46 32 35 51
Percent eligible for free lunch  32 29 32 28 38 40 37 37 25 28 41
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 9 7 9 9 8 9 7 6 9
Percent not eligible  58 55 59 64 53 50 52 54 36 39 48
Percent with information not available  2 7 1 0 0 2 3 0 31 26 1
                       
North Dakota                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  25 27 26 27 28 29 29 29 29 30 33
Percent eligible for free lunch  18 19 19 20 20 21 21 22 21 22 24
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  75 73 74 73 72 71 71 71 71 70 67
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Ohio                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  26 25 27 28 29 30 30 30 33 37
Percent eligible for free lunch  21 20 21 22 23 24 23 23 26 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7
Percent not eligible  63 63 61 61 59 70 70 70 67 63
Percent with information not available  11 11 12 11 13 0 0 0 100 0 0
                       
Oklahoma                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  47 47 48 50 53 53 54 55 54 55 58
Percent eligible for free lunch  36 37 40 42 43 43 44 44 45 47
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 10
Percent not eligible  53 53 52 49 47 46 45 45 46 45 42
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
                       
Oregon                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  35 36 38 40 43 44 45 43 44 48 51
Percent eligible for free lunch  26 27 29 31 33 35 35 35 35 38 42
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 9 10 9 9 9 9 10 9
Percent not eligible  65 64 62 59 57 56 55 56 56 52 49
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Pennsylvania                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  27 27 27 28 26 26 28 27 28 29 33
Percent eligible for free lunch  22 21 21 21 21 20 22 21 22 22 26
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7
Percent not eligible  73 73 73 72 74 74 72 69 63 62 66
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 9 9 1
                       
Rhode Island                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  36 35 36 34 36 32 35 31 37 38 41
Percent eligible for free lunch  31 29 30 27 30 26 28 25 31 31 34
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 5 6 7 6 6 7 7 6 7 7
Percent not eligible  64 65 64 65 62 68 65 69 63 58 59
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 4 0
                       
South Carolina                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  48 49 51 52 53 54 54 52 52 52 54
Percent eligible for free lunch  40 41 43 44 45 46 45 44 44 44 46
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  52 51 49 48 47 46 46 48 48 47 45
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
South Dakota                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  29 30 31 32 33 31 33 29 34 35 38
Percent eligible for free lunch  19 20 20 22 23 22 23 20 26 25 28
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 10 11 10 10 9 10 9 9 10 10
Percent not eligible  67 70 68 67 67 69 67 67 65 64 62
Percent with information not available  4 0 1 0 0 0 0 4 1 0 0
                       
Tennessee                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  48 49 51 50 52
Percent eligible for free lunch  41 42 42 44
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  49 48 48 47 45
Percent with information not available  100 100 100 100 100 100 3 3 2 3 3
                       
Texas                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  44 44 45 46 46 47 48 47 47 48 50
Percent eligible for free lunch  37 37 38 39 39 39 39 38 38 39 41
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 9 8
Percent not eligible  56 56 55 54 54 53 52 52 53 52 50
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
                       
Utah                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  28 29 29 31 32 33 32 4 29 31 42
Percent eligible for free lunch  18 19 20 21 23 23 22 3 20 23 32
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 10 9 9 10 10 10 1 9 9 10
Percent not eligible  72 71 71 69 67 67 68 95 65 69 58
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 6 0 0
                       
Vermont                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  21 22 22 25 26 24 26 25 28 30 33
Percent eligible for free lunch  16 16 17 18 19 18 19 19 21 23 26
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 6 6 7 7 6 7 7 7 7 7
Percent not eligible  74 78 78 75 74 76 74 72 72 70 67
Percent with information not available  5 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0
                       
Virginia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  31 30 31 32 32 34 33 33 33 34 37
Percent eligible for free lunch  24 23 24 25 25 26 26 25 25 26 29
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 7 8 7 7 7 8 7 8 7
Percent not eligible  69 68 69 66 64 66 67 66 67 66 63
Percent with information not available  0 2 0 2 4 1 0 0 1 0 0
                       
Washington                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  33 36 37 38 38 38 39 39 43
Percent eligible for free lunch  24 26 28 28 29 29 29 30 34
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 10 10 9 9 10 10 9
Percent not eligible  65 63 61 62 62 62 61 59 56
Percent with information not available  100 100 3 2 1 0 0 0 0 2 1
                       
West Virginia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  47 49 50 48 49 50 49 49 49 49 51
Percent eligible for free lunch  37 38 38 37 39 40 39 39 39 40 41
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 11 11 11 11 10 10 11 10 10 10
Percent not eligible  50 51 50 52 51 50 51 51 51 51 49
Percent with information not available  3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Wisconsin                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  24 24 27 28 28 29 29 30 30 31 35
Percent eligible for free lunch  17 17 22 22 23 27
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  75 75 71 71 71 71 71 70 70 69 65
Percent with information not available  1 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Wyoming                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  28 54 30 32 32 32 30 29 31 35
Percent eligible for free lunch  19 36 20 22 22 21 20 20 20 24
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 18 10 10 11 10 10 9 10 11
Percent not eligible  72 46 70 68 68 68 70 71 69 65
Percent with information not available  0 0 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
— Not available.
Note: Estimates based on operational schools with membership. Estimates based counts form October 1st of the reported school year. Combined free and reduced-price lunch percentage may not match details due to item non-response. Details may not sum to totals due to rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 1999–2000, Version 1b; 2000–01, Version 1a; 2001–02, Version 1a; 2002–03, Version 1a; 2003–04, Version 1a; 2004–05, Version 1b; 2005–06, Version 1a; 2006–07, Version 1c; 2007–08, Version 1b; 2008–09, Version 1b; 2009–10, Version 1a.

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