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Common Core of Data (CCD)

Table 2. Percent of elementary school students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch by state and eligibility status: School years 1999–2000 through 2009–10

School year
State or jurisdiction 1999–
2000
2000–
01
2001–
02
2002–
03
2003–
04
2004–
05
2005–
06
2006–
07
2007–
08
2008–
09
2009–
10
Reporting States                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  40 40 43 43 42 43 47 47 46 49 50
Percent eligible for free lunch  32 32 34 33 34 34 37 38 38 40 43
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  48 47 51 51 48 50 52 51 49 50 47
Percent with information not available  12 13 6 6 10 7 1 2 6 1 3
                       
Alabama                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  52 53 56 57 57 57 57 56 56 57 59
Percent eligible for free lunch  44 44 47 49 48 49 48 48 48 49 52
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 9 9 9 8 8 9 8 8 8 7
Percent not eligible  47 47 44 43 43 41 43 44 44 43 41
Percent with information not available  1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Alaska                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  30 29 31 32 34 36 40 39 39 38 40
Percent eligible for free lunch  22 24 23 30 29 29 29 30
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 10 13 10 10 10 9 9
Percent not eligible  65 68 69 66 64 61 58 58 61 62 60
Percent with information not available  4 2 0 2 3 3 2 3 0 0 0
                       
Arizona                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  15 53 55 52 46 43 52 50
Percent eligible for free lunch  11 44 46 43 36 32 41 41
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  4 9 9 9 10 10 11 9
Percent not eligible  31 41 40 41 50 50 47 49
Percent with information not available  100 100 100 55 6 5 6 4 7 1 1
                       
Arkansas                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  54 54 56 56 57 57 57 65 62 63 65
Percent eligible for free lunch  45 45 46 46 47 48 48 54 52 53 55
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 10 9 9 9 10 10 10 10
Percent not eligible  46 46 44 44 43 43 43 35 38 37 35
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
California                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  56 56 56 56 56 56 55 56 57 58 60
Percent eligible for free lunch  47 46 46 46 46 46 45 45 46 47 50
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 10 10
Percent not eligible  44 44 44 44 44 44 45 43 42 42 40
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
                       
Colorado                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  32 31 32 33 35 36 37 38 38 40 42
Percent eligible for free lunch  24 23 24 26 28 29 31 31 31 32 35
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8
Percent not eligible  68 69 68 67 65 64 63 62 60 60 58
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
                       
Connecticut                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  28 31 31 31 24 32 35 35 36
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 19 27 29 30 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 5 5 5 6 5
Percent not eligible  71 69 69 69 76 64 65 63 62
Percent with information not available  1 100 100 0 0 0 0 4 0 2 2
                       
Delaware                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  37 37 39 39 37 41 41 42 41 44 51
Percent eligible for free lunch  30 30 32 32 31 34 36 36 35 37 45
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 7 7 6 7 6 6 6 6 6
Percent not eligible  62 63 61 61 63 59 59 57 56 55 49
Percent with information not available  1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 2 0
                       
District of Columbia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  62 79 64 70 60 71 63 62 57 69 71
Percent eligible for free lunch  58 74 58 64 56 65 58 56 50 61 64
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  4 5 6 6 5 6 5 5 6 9 7
Percent not eligible  28 21 30 30 29 28 28 29 32 28 27
Percent with information not available  11 0 6 0 11 1 9 9 11 3 2
                       
Florida                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  54 54 54 54 54 55 52 52 52 56 59
Percent eligible for free lunch  44 43 43 44 44 45 43 42 42 46 50
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 10 10 10 10 10 9 10 10 10 9
Percent not eligible  46 46 46 46 46 45 48 48 48 44 41
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Georgia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  50 50 51 51 52 53 54 55 55 57 60
Percent eligible for free lunch  42 41 42 42 43 44 46 46 46 48 52
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8
Percent not eligible  50 50 49 49 48 47 46 45 45 43 40
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Hawaii                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  42 49 46 48 47 46 44 44 41 44 46
Percent eligible for free lunch  32 36 34 35 34 33 32 31 29 31 35
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 12 12 13 13 12 13 13 12 13 11
Percent not eligible  58 51 54 52 53 54 56 56 59 56 54
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Idaho                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  36 39 39 39 39 40 40 39 39 41 44
Percent eligible for free lunch  26 28 29 29 29 30 29 29 29 31 35
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 11 10
Percent not eligible  62 61 61 61 61 57 59 60 61 59 56
Percent with information not available  1 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 0 0 0
                       
Illinois                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  44 44 45 46 46 46 46 47 51
Percent eligible for free lunch  38 38 39 40 39 39 40 41 44
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
Percent not eligible  53 54 52 52 51 50 49 49 46
Percent with information not available  100 100 3 2 2 2 3 5 5 4 4
                       
Indiana                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  34 35 37 38 40 41 41 43 45 47 51
Percent eligible for free lunch  26 26 29 30 32 33 33 34 36 39 42
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9
Percent not eligible  66 64 63 61 59 58 59 57 55 53 49
Percent with information not available  1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Iowa                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  31 32 31 33 34 35 36 36 38 38 41
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 23 23 25 26 27 28 28 30 30 33
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 9 8 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  69 68 69 67 66 65 64 64 62 62 59
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Kansas                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  37 38 39 41 42 43 43 45 45 47 50
Percent eligible for free lunch  27 28 28 30 32 33 33 34 34 36 40
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 11 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 10
Percent not eligible  63 62 61 59 58 57 57 55 55 53 50
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Kentucky                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  57 57 58 79 60 58 55 55 58
Percent eligible for free lunch  47 46 48 64 51 49 46 47 50
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 11 11 16 9 9 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  43 43 42 21 40 42 45 44 42
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 100 100 0 0 0 1 0
                       
Louisiana                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  68 67 68 69 70 69 67 68 71 72 73
Percent eligible for free lunch  59 58 59 60 61 61 60 60 62 63 65
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 8
Percent not eligible  32 33 32 31 30 31 33 32 29 28 27
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Maine                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  36 35 35 36 35 37 39 40 41 42 46
Percent eligible for free lunch  27 25 26 27 27 29 31 31 33 35 38
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 9 8 9 8 8 8 8 7
Percent not eligible  62 64 64 64 59 62 60 60 59 58 54
Percent with information not available  2 2 0 0 6 1 1 1 0 0 0
                       
Maryland                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  37 37 37 38 38 39 38 39 40 41 45
Percent eligible for free lunch  29 29 29 29 29 30 29 30 31 33 37
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 8 9 9 9 8 8 9 9 8
Percent not eligible  63 63 63 62 62 61 62 61 60 59 55
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Massachusetts                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  29 28 29 30 30 31 31 31 32 33 36
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 22 25 26 25 26 26 28 30
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 5 5 5 6 6 6 6
Percent not eligible  71 72 71 70 70 69 69 67 68 67 64
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
                       
Michigan                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  38 37 38 37 39 39 42 41 43 47 51
Percent eligible for free lunch  32 31 31 30 32 33 35 34 36 40 45
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 6
Percent not eligible  62 63 59 60 58 56 58 59 57 53 49
Percent with information not available  0 0 3 3 3 5 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Minnesota                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  30 30 30 31 32 33 34 35 35 36 39
Percent eligible for free lunch  22 21 22 23 24 25 26 26 27 28 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  70 70 70 69 68 67 66 65 64 63 61
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Mississippi                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  65 66 67 67 71 69 73 72 72 72 75
Percent eligible for free lunch  57 57 59 59 62 62 66 64 63 64 66
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 8 8 8 8 7 8 9 9 8
Percent not eligible  35 34 33 33 29 30 27 28 28 27 25
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Missouri                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  42 42 42 42 43 45 45 44 45 43 48
Percent eligible for free lunch  34 34 34 34 36 38 37 36 37 36 41
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  58 58 58 58 57 55 55 56 55 57 50
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
                       
Montana                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  37 37 38 38 39 39 40 40 41 42 45
Percent eligible for free lunch  28 28 28 29 30 30 30 30 31 31 36
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 9
Percent not eligible  60 63 62 62 61 58 58 58 57 56 54
Percent with information not available  3 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 2 2
                       
Nebraska                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  34 35 36 37 38 40 39 41 42 43 45
Percent eligible for free lunch  25 25 26 28 29 30 29 31 32 32 35
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 10 10 9 10 9 10 10 10 10 10
Percent not eligible  66 65 64 63 62 60 61 59 58 57 55
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
                       
Nevada                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  36 36 39 44 43 41 47 46 46 49
Percent eligible for free lunch  28 27 31 36 35 38 37 42
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 9 8 8 8 8 8 7
Percent not eligible  62 63 60 55 53 58 53 53 53 50
Percent with information not available  2 1 1 1 4 1 0 100 1 1 1
                       
New Hampshire                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  19 18 17 18 18 18 18 19 19 23 26
Percent eligible for free lunch  14 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 14 16 20
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  5 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6
Percent not eligible  81 80 82 81 81 81 80 80 81 77 74
Percent with information not available  0 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
                       
New Jersey                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  34 33 34 33 32 32 33 34 36 38
Percent eligible for free lunch  28 27 27 26 25 26 27 27 29 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 6 7 7 6 6 7 7 7
Percent not eligible  66 67 66 67 68 68 62 63 64 60
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 100 0 5 4 0 2
                       
New Mexico                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  61 66 67 67 66 68 60 67 68 68 71
Percent eligible for free lunch  55 55 56 55 56 52 60 61 61 65
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  12 12 12 11 11 8 6 7 6 7
Percent not eligible  39 34 33 33 34 32 40 33 31 31 27
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 1
                       
New York                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  50 50 49 19 20 51 50 50 50 23
Percent eligible for free lunch  43 43 42 15 15 42 42 42 42 18
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 7 4 5 8 8 8 8 5
Percent not eligible  49 49 50 42 80 49 49 50 48 39
Percent with information not available  1 1 1 39 100 0 0 1 0 1 38
                       
North Carolina                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  47 44 46 39 51 51 48 47 35 38 53
Percent eligible for free lunch  38 35 37 32 42 42 40 39 28 31 44
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 10 8 9 9 8 8 7 6 9
Percent not eligible  51 48 51 61 49 46 48 51 35 36 45
Percent with information not available  2 8 2 0 0 3 4 1 31 26 2
                       
North Dakota                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  33 33 31 31 31 32 32 33 34 35 37
Percent eligible for free lunch  24 24 23 23 23 23 24 25 26 26 28
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 9 9 9
Percent not eligible  67 67 69 69 69 68 68 67 66 65 63
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Ohio                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  35 34 36 37 37 38 39 40 42 45
Percent eligible for free lunch  28 28 30 30 30 31 32 33 35 39
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 7 7 6 7 7 7 7 6
Percent not eligible  59 60 57 57 54 62 61 60 58 55
Percent with information not available  6 6 6 6 9 0 0 0 100 0 0
                       
Oklahoma                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  53 56 56 58 59 60 60 61 61 61 64
Percent eligible for free lunch  44 45 47 48 49 49 50 50 51 54
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  12 12 11 11 11 11 11 10 10 10
Percent not eligible  47 44 44 42 41 40 40 39 39 38 36
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Oregon                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  41 42 42 45 46 48 49 47 47 50 53
Percent eligible for free lunch  31 32 33 35 37 38 39 38 38 41 45
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8
Percent not eligible  59 58 58 55 54 52 51 53 53 49 45
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
                       
Pennsylvania                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  34 33 34 34 34 34 37 36 37 39 43
Percent eligible for free lunch  28 27 28 28 28 27 30 29 30 32 37
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 6
Percent not eligible  66 67 66 66 66 66 63 60 58 57 56
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 5 4 1
                       
Rhode Island                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  38 39 40 39 41 39 41 39 43 44 45
Percent eligible for free lunch  33 33 34 32 34 31 33 32 37 37 39
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  6 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 6 7 7
Percent not eligible  61 61 60 60 59 61 59 60 57 54 55
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
                       
South Carolina                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  53 54 55 56 57 57 56 55 55 57 59
Percent eligible for free lunch  45 45 47 47 48 49 47 47 48 49 52
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 7
Percent not eligible  47 46 44 44 43 43 44 44 45 43 41
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
South Dakota                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  32 35 35 36 36 34 38 33 39 39 42
Percent eligible for free lunch  23 25 25 26 27 26 28 25 30 30 33
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 10 10 10 9 8 10 8 9 10 9
Percent not eligible  62 65 63 62 64 66 62 61 59 58 56
Percent with information not available  6 0 2 2 0 0 0 5 2 2 1
                       
Tennessee                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  52 53 55 56 59
Percent eligible for free lunch  45 47 48 51
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8
Percent not eligible  46 45 44 42 39
Percent with information not available  100 100 100 100 100 100 2 2 1 2 2
                       
Texas                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  52 52 52 52 52 52 53 52 52 53 55
Percent eligible for free lunch  43 43 43 44 44 44 44 43 43 45 47
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 8
Percent not eligible  48 48 48 48 48 48 47 47 48 47 45
Percent with information not available  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
                       
Utah                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  32 32 33 34 36 37 36 55 34 33 45
Percent eligible for free lunch  21 22 23 24 26 26 26 37 24 25 36
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  10 10 10 10 10 10 10 18 10 9 10
Percent not eligible  68 68 67 65 63 63 64 44 59 65 54
Percent with information not available  1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 8 1 0
                       
Vermont                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  25 28 28 30 32 31 31 31 32 34 38
Percent eligible for free lunch  18 20 20 22 23 23 23 24 24 26 31
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 8 7
Percent not eligible  64 72 72 70 68 69 69 66 64 63 61
Percent with information not available  11 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 3 2 2
                       
Virginia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  36 33 35 36 35 36 36 36 36 38 40
Percent eligible for free lunch  28 26 27 28 27 29 28 28 29 30 33
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 7
Percent not eligible  64 63 65 64 61 63 64 63 63 62 59
Percent with information not available  0 3 0 1 4 1 0 1 1 0 0
                       
Washington                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  37 40 41 41 41 41 42 43 46
Percent eligible for free lunch  27 30 31 32 32 32 32 34 38
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  9 10 10 10 9 9 10 10 8
Percent not eligible  62 59 58 59 59 58 58 55 52
Percent with information not available  100 100 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 2
                       
West Virginia                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  58 58 58 55 56 57 54 57 54 55 57
Percent eligible for free lunch  47 46 45 43 44 46 44 46 45 46 48
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  12 12 12 11 11 10 10 11 9 9 9
Percent not eligible  40 42 42 45 44 43 46 43 46 45 43
Percent with information not available  1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                       
Wisconsin                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  26 26 32 33 33 34 34 35 37 38 41
Percent eligible for free lunch  20 20 28 29 30 34
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  7 7 8 8 8 7
Percent not eligible  72 71 66 65 65 64 64 64 63 62 59
Percent with information not available  2 2 3 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0
                       
Wyoming                       
Percent eligible for free or reduced-price lunch  36 64 36 38 39 38 36 36 37 41
Percent eligible for free lunch  26 43 26 27 27 26 24 25 25 30
Percent eligible for reduced-price lunch  11 21 11 11 12 12 11 11 12 11
Percent not eligible  64 36 64 62 61 62 64 64 63 59
Percent with information not available  0 0 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
—Not available.
Note: Estimates based on operational schools with membership. Estimates based counts form October 1st of the reported school year. Combined free and reduced-price lunch percentage may not match details due to item non-response. Details may not sum to totals due to rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 1999–2000, Version 1b; 2000–01, Version 1a; 2001–02, Version 1a; 2002–03, Version 1a; 2003–04, Version 1a; 2004–05, Version 1b; 2005–06, Version 1a; 2006–07, Version 1c; 2007–08, Version 1b; 2008–09, Version 1b; 2009–10, Version 1a.

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